Bernard Snow 1822-1893












Bernard Snow, son of Ebenezer Snow (1784 – 1867) and Polly Hayes (1788 – 1854), was born 22 January 1822 at Pomfret, Windsor County, Vermont; he died at the age of 71 on 22 February 1893 at Weiser, Washington County, Idaho, and was buried at Indian Valley, Adams County, Idaho. He married eight times under the LDS principle of polygamy.

Marriages and Children

  1. Louisa Melvina King(1821 – 1850), married 24 November 1841 Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts
    1. stillborn boy Snow (November 1842 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts – November 1842 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts )
    2. Sidney Alfred Snow (13 April 1844 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts – 19 October 1852 Salt Lake City)
    3. Flora Melissa Snow (1 January 1846 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts – 1846)
    4. Bernard Snow (10 May 1847 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts – 10 September 1847 Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts)
  2. Alice Smith(1820 – 1893), married 16 January 1853 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Territory
    1. Alice Snow (1855 – 1937)
    2. Bernard Snow, Jr (1856 – 1940)
    3. Mary Verona Snow (1859 – 1936)
    4. Herman Snow (1861 – 1931)
    5. Ebenezer Snow (1863 – 1935)
  3. Mary Walsh(1791 – 1861), married 1853
  4. Anne Liversidge(1828 – 1928), married 16 April 1856 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Territory
    1. Ellen Louise Snow (1857 – 1935)
    2. Martha Snow (1857 – 1857)
    3. Seymour Bernard Snow (1859 – 1946)
    4. Edna Snow (1861 – 1903)
    5. Hester Ann Snow (1863 – 1930)
    6. Albert Snow (1865 – 1964)
    7. Hugh Mack Snow (1867 – 1928)
  5. Mathilde Andrea Marie Sorensen(1845 – ?), married 26 April 1861 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Territory
  6. Florentine Cecile Jacobine Eavardine Sorenson(1849 – 1935), sister of Mathilde, married 5 October 1867 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Territory
  7. Sarah Gledhill Broadbent(1833 – 1900), married 27 October 1866 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Territory
    1. Minnie Snow (1869-1952)
  8. Violet Gledhill(1849 – 1900), married 29 March 1869 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Territory

Bernard Snow was born at Pomfret, Vermont on 22 January 1822. He was a graduate of Cambridge University. On 24 November 1841, he married his cousin, Louise Melvina King, at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. They were extremely devoted to each other. Of their four children, the first was stillborn, two survived for only a few months, and none survived to adulthood.

In 1849 Bernard sailed for California from Boston Harbor with a small group of people, planning to seek his luck in the California goldfields, then go to Salt Lake City and send for his wife and surviving son, Sidney. To make this arduous trip around Cape Horn took a great deal of courage and fortitude. While he was in California, it was next to impossible to get a letter or message from the East. It would be almost be a year between communications.

Louise grew weary of waiting for her husband and started for Utah with the Wilford Woodruff Company of 1850. She planned to stay with her beloved sister, Melisa King Wallace, until her husband could come from California. and join her. Bernard did not know that she had undertaken this trip until he reached Salt Lake City in 1851. He said he never would have consented to it because her health was so poor. Her desire to be with her sister and nearer to her husband made her feel stronger than she really was. Louise was only partway to Utah when she died on the plains on 7July 1850. This left Sidney, at six years old, in the care of the other pioneers with the Company.

From Wilford Woodruff’s journal: “July 6 – Mrs [Bernard] Snow of Cambridgeport was taken sick in the afternoon with Diarhea[,] took some medicine called Cholera Medicine, & immediately grew worse and Died at 3 oclok at night[.]”

When Bernard reach Utah in 1851, he discovered that his wife had died on the journey west. Although he was reunited with his son, Sidney died on 19 October 1852, one year after Bernard’s arrival. It was at this time of great grief that Bernard found comfort in his church and his God. He was true to his religion as long as he lived, feeling that God would understand the misunderstandings between men in this earthly life and they would be righted.

On 16 January 1853, Bernard Snow married Alice Smith. He went on to marry six additional women under the LDS principle of polygamy. In spite of the fact that he lived a busy life making enough money to support his six wives and twenty-two living children, he found time to write hymns and poetry.

He wrote the hymn Our God, We Raise to Thee.” It is sung to the tune of
“America.” Tuesday, 27 June 1853 at the Salt Lake Tabernacle, it was sung for the first time at conference. Recently,
Professor Edward P. Kimball wrote music especially for this hymn. (Hymn 24, God Bless Our Prophet Dear, 1998 Ed.)




Bernard was patriotic. In 1855 he delivered an address, “An Ode to Freedom” at the Fourth of July celebration in Salt Lake City. It was published in the Deseret News and is recorded in the Church Historian’s Office. Another of his speeches, entitled “Misusing Useful Weapons,” was published in the Deseret News on 9 September 1855. He explained the usefulness of a saw, razor, axe, good thoughts, and good words: “The saw helps in cutting large trees to uniform sizes so that we might make an attractive building, but if a man was caught in the clutches of the saw it would perhaps kill him and become a thing of horror. Razors are a necessity for man to keep a neat appearance, but lives have been taken by this useful article, so we look upon it with fear. A sharp axe is used to cut trees or dry wood but many accidents have been caused by them so we should use them with caution, Good thoughts are a useful weapon in building a beautiful character, but bad meditations will destroy it. Charitable words to and about people encourage them to do fine things and cause them to love us, but where evil words are spoken it brings only regrets and sorrow. Let’s strive to make the best use we can of these weapons.”

Another of Bernard’s avocations was acting. His descendants have playbills listing him in leading roles in Shakespearian plays at the Old Salt Lake Theatre. On 29 February 1856, a letter written to W. H. Kimball and Heber C. Kimball said, “The Deseret Dramatic Association soon after its organization gave a free party to three members and a few friends. They are performing on the evenings of Wed. and Sat. “She Stoops to Conquer” comes off the second time tomorrow night. A benefit to Bernard Snow is to be given on Monday night, when he will play the part of the Roman Father in Virginuis.” Seven years later he played the same part at the Salt Lake Theatre. Elder George A. Smith wrote to his brother, John L. Smith, “The Salt Lake Theatre is open and so far has proved a grand success. Last Wednesday and Saturday nights Mr. Bernard Snow played his favorite character in ‘Virginius.’ It was a magnificent affair.” Brother George D. Pyper, in his book “Romance of an Old Playhouse”, tells of Bernard Snow playing in the drama, ‘Othello’.

In August 1856 Bernard was called to serve a European mission with Thomas Bullock. The friendship between these two men lasted through their lives. They worked constantly together. Brother Bullock was clerk of the mission and kept an accurate record of their travels. On 10 September they started up Emigration Canyon headed for their mission. They passed (met) many companies of Saints headed the Great Salt Lake Valley. On the 18th of September they met Edmond Ellsworth’s handcart company with 309 Saints descending the Green River hill singing “Hozannah to God.” The sight brought tears to the eyes of our missionaries who were leaving their homes and families for at least two years.

As they journeyed through Laramie, Wyoming, they witnessed an exchange of prisoners between the white settlers and Comanche. On 28 October 1856 they camped at Winter Quarters on the Missouri River. At eleven o’clock on the eleventh of November they arrived in St. Louis. From there they went by train to Vermont where Bernard visited his family before sailing for England. On 18 February 1857, on his way across the Atlantic Ocean he wrote a letter and poem to his brother Garry Snow, “I think I will copy a few lines which I wrote while upon the sea. and dedicated to my brother,Garry, who lives upon the old homestead. The Tammaraek tree which suggested the following lines is not a native of that portion of the country but at about the time I was born it was brought some hundreds of miles in the box of a carriage by my father and was by him transplanted into the soil near the door of the house which opened out upon a beautiful lawn. The tree lived and flourished and oft-times afforded a refreshing shade to the children who sported beneath. It is needless to say that my father himself when he looked upon its widely spreading branches felt a spirit somewhat akin to pride and his sons and daughters took good care that each of their names (or at least the initials of the same) were fairly engraved on the surface of its bark. The tree now measures about fourteen inches in diameter and looks as thrifty as ever, but so rapid has been its growth that nothing can now be seen of the names or letters of former years and those who they represented are scattered far and wide upon the earth.

The Old Tammarack Tree

How dear to me oft seems the sweet recollection,

Of our childhoods gay sports and our innocent glee,

As now in lone moments I yield to reflection,

And fresh to my mind comes the old Tammarack tree.

It stood in the garden, the house near beside it,

Where oft we have sported in the moon-light so free,

That faithful, proud beacon may no ill betide it,

For near to my heart is that old Tammarack tree.

At night in the chamber so quietly sleeping,

Queen Mab her air-built castles would hold out to me,

Till freightined by me friend whose limb were Sent creeping;

And thwacking the snug roof ‘neath the Tammarack tree.

The storm-king could never approach us ‘un-heeded,

Though a stealthy old chap we admit him to be,

For without being told that its service was needed,

Drummed sharply on the roof, the old Tammarack tree.

When at early gray dawn the robin was merry,

And the day light was breaking from o’er eastern sea,

While the skylark he watched, the ripe blushing cherries,

He e’er took for his perch the old Tammarack tree.

How often we’ve thought of the knifes rude incision,

To carve out an M, H, G, A, S, or E,

To each was a space but of narrow division,

For many were the name on the old Tammarack tree.

How often at evening while wild winds were sighing,

When hushed was the bird and to hive gone the bee,

I’ve gazed far above me and watched the clouds flying,

As I lay on the grass I ‘neath the Tammarack tree.

And heard the gay night-hawk high in the air sailing,

While the stars like bright angels seemed gazing on me,

Above me the breeze like the voice of one wailing,

Swayed gently the boughs of the old Tammarack tree.

Dear associations by footprints of time hidden,

Memory brings to my mind now far off on the sea,

Of brothers and sisters, then starts quite unbidden,

A tear at thought of them and the Tammarack tree.

Our father and mother God bless them with plenty,

And as their lives from reproach have been free,

Long yet may they live and their last days glide gently,

As the summer wind breathes through the Tammarack tree.

Now right of the homestead has fell to you, Garry,

May you ever regard it as a priceless fee;

Live long and be happy – good – not grave, but merry

But have thou a care for the old Tammarack tree.

In England, Bernard was put in charge of a section of the mission and trained new missionaries until it was time to return home. Aboard the “Empire” on the voyage back, they had a slight collision with an iceberg near Newfoundland, but it was not serious. They arrived safely home in twenty-eight days, a remarkably short trip. Some vessels were sixty-five days crossing the ocean. They then journeyed overland to Elk Horn, Nebraska [now a neighborhood in Omaha], where a company was organized at Elk Horn for the return to Utah. They arrived at Provo at 10 a.m. on 23 June 1858 and Bernard went immediately to home to his family in southern Utah.

Soon after his return, President Young called Bernard to build mills in Sanpete County, as he was a millwright by trade. His mills were mentioned in the Deseret News:

“The spirit of improvement continues unabated, and saw and grist mills are being built in nearly every settlement through the country. The circular saw mill at Fort Ephraim owned by B. Snow, P Co. and built this season is doing a cash business as per reported, cutting from three to four thousand feet every day it is kept in motion.” “The carding machine of Snow and Peacock at Moroni is doing a good business, and there is said to be plenty of wool in that country and Juab.” “Fountain Green, well named, is a paragon of industry, a gem in the diadem of this great country and a place for stock. Bernard Snow and Bishop R. L. Johnson are putting up a good circular saw mill and from the known ability of Mr. Snow the people anticipate a good mill.”

In 1859, Bernard Snow was elected Representative of Sanpete County to the Utah Territorial House of Representatives, with the purpose of forming the State of Deseret. Meetings were held through out the Territory. From The Millennial Star, 22 January 1862, “The constitution of the State of Deseret was adopted on the motion of Bernard Snow. The report of the committee was accepted and discharged from further duty. Mr. Bernard Snow moved that the members of this convention deem themselves specially instructed to see that the clerks in their respective Counties give due notice to the March election as provided by the constitution and each precinct is furnished with a sufficient number of copies of the Constitution of the State of Deseret forthwith, and use their influence to cause a full attendance of the electors, also that full and proper returns be made thereof. It seconded and carried.”

Bernard Snow was elected the first Representative of Sanpete County after the constitution of the State of Deseret was accepted, taking his seat in the Legislature on 14 April 1862. His second day in the Legislature he was placed on the Engrossing Committee with Franklin D. Richards and Joseph A. Young. Bernard Snow, William Smith and Thomas A. Young were placed on the committee for roads, bridges, ferries, and canyons.

While living at Ft. Ephraim he was called to go to Strawberry Valley to build a sawmill. The Indians were giving them a great deal of trouble in Sanpete and Sevier Counties. Bernard was worried about his family and he returned home as soon as possible. When he left, he was presented with a Henry repeating rifle. It held fifteen shells in the magazine and one in the chamber. It was the first gun of its type int the West and of course he was very proud of it. The Indians learned to fear and respect him and his gun. They knew him as the man who loaded his gun in the morning and shot all day. Many years later some Indians visited his son to ask if he had his father’s gun. They were very anxious to see this ‘gun with many shoots’ and said that every one knew of that gun.

Whitney’s History of Utah says, “In one of the raids on Ft. Ephriam [during the Black Hawk War], Bernard Snow, the veteran actor who was building a mill at the mouth of the canyon, hear the settlement, sustained during several hours a lonely but heroic seige, the savages surrounded the mill, but the gallant defender kept up a fire so vigorous they were forced to retire.”

When the Union Pacific Railroad was being built (1860’s), Bernard took a subcontract for President Young. His
work was at the narrows in Weber Canyon. He had a difference (of opinion) with President Brigham Young over the
subcontract for the Union Pacific Railroad and was disfellowshipped from the Church. At the meeting where this took place,
he stood up and said, “There is no knife sharp enough to cut out of my soul the Spirit of God that is burning within me.” He
was true to his religion as long as he lived. He felt that God would understand the misunderstandings between men in the
earth life and would be righted in the life to come. His second son, Seymour B. Snow went to President Lorenzo Snow after
Bernard’s death and all of his privileges in the Church were restored to him by the laying on of hands, Seymore acting as

Bernard Snow built homes at Manti, Ephriam, Fountain Green, Springville, and Salt Lake City, Utah, as well as Washington County, Idaho, where he died 20 February 1892. His wife Matilda, was with him in Idaho at the time of his death.




Bernard Snow and Joseph Smith, founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints,  share the same lineage in that they are both descendants of John Mack and Sarah Bagley


The following are relationship charts printed out during a visit to the Nauvoo Pageant, Nauvoo, Ill.






Following are three relationship reports showing our relationship to some of the royalty lines:


Ragnar “Lothbrok” Sigurdsson, was the viking king of Norway and Denmark

Relationship Report


Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902


Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark b.750




Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark is the 35th great-grandfather of Mary Beatrice DASTRUP.

 Lines of Descent from

Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark


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Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark b.750

Sigurd Hjort HELGISSON b.825


Harald “Fairhair” HARFAGER King of Norway b.860

Eric ‘ Bloodaxe” HARALDSSON b.885

Ragnfrod EIRIKSSON b.0

Mrs. Godred HAROLDSON b.1026

Gudrød Iii (Crovan) HARALDSON b.1030

King of Isle Man Óláfr “Bitling” GUÐRØÐARSON b.1080

Ragnhildis OLAFSDATTER Princess Isles of Man b.1117

Reginald Mure OF POLKELLY b.1149

Sir David MURE b.1177

Lord of Rowallan, Sir Gilchrist MURE OF ROWALLAN b.1206

Sir Archibald MURE of Rowallan b.1241

Archibald MURE b.0

William, Lord Rowallan MURE b.1265

Sir Adam MURE b.1293

Countess Elizabeth MURE of Rowallan b.1315

Alexander STEWART b.1343

Margaret STEWART b.1373

Alexander SUTHERLAND b.1395

Countess Marjory SUTHERLAND b.1424

Countess Eleanor Stewart de SINCLAIR b.1457

Lady Janet STEWART b.1461

Lady Janet GORDON Countess of Argyll b.1480

Agnes CAMPBELL b.1519

Angus MACDONALD b.1552

Mary MACDONALD b.1582

Sir James Ian Mor MACDONALD 2nd. Baronet of Sleat b.1605

Lady Marian MCDONALD b.1656

John A. MACK b.1653

John MACK Jr b.1682

Patience MACK b.1714

Philemon HAYES b.1748

Polly HAYES b.1788

Bernard SNOW b.1822

Minnie SNOW b.1869

Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902



Harald “Fairhair” Harfager, 1st King of unified Norway:


Relationship Report
Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902
Harald “Fairhair” HARFAGER King of Norway b.860


Harald “Fairhair” HARFAGER King of Norway is the 32nd great-grandfather of Mary Beatrice DASTRUP.

Lines of Descent from
Harald “Fairhair” HARFAGER King of Norway

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Eric ‘ Bloodaxe” HARALDSSON b.885 Harald “Fairhair” HARFAGER King of Norway b.860
Ragnfrod EIRIKSSON b.0
Mrs. Godred HAROLDSON b.1026
Gudrød Iii (Crovan) HARALDSON b.1030
King of Isle Man Óláfr “Bitling” GUÐRØÐARSON b.1080
Ragnhildis OLAFSDATTER Princess Isles of Man b.1117
Reginald Mure OF POLKELLY b.1149
Sir David MURE b.1177
Lord of Rowallan, Sir Gilchrist MURE OF ROWALLAN b.1206
Sir Archibald MURE of Rowallan b.1241
Archibald MURE b.0
William, Lord Rowallan MURE b.1265
Sir Adam MURE b.1293
Countess Elizabeth MURE of Rowallan b.1315
Alexander STEWART b.1343
Margaret STEWART b.1373
Alexander SUTHERLAND b.1395
Countess Marjory SUTHERLAND b.1424
Countess Eleanor Stewart de SINCLAIR b.1457
Lady Janet STEWART b.1461
Lady Janet GORDON Countess of Argyll b.1480
Agnes CAMPBELL b.1519
Angus MACDONALD b.1552
Mary MACDONALD b.1582
Sir James Ian Mor MACDONALD 2nd. Baronet of Sleat b.1605
Lady Marian MCDONALD b.1656
John A. MACK b.1653
John MACK Jr b.1682
Patience MACK b.1714
Philemon HAYES b.1748
Polly HAYES b.1788
Bernard SNOW b.1822
Minnie SNOW b.1869
Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902


Henry III, King of England is one of the many King Henry’s and Edward’s in the Plantagenet Monarchy


Relationship Report


Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902


Henry III PLANTAGENET King of England b.1207



Henry III PLANTAGENET King of England is the 21st great-grandfather of Mary Beatrice DASTRUP.


Lines of Descent from

Henry III PLANTAGENET King of England


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Henry III PLANTAGENET King of England b.1207

Edmund PLANTAGENET b.1245

Henry PLANTAGENET 3rd Earl Of Lancaster b.1281

Eleanor PLANTAGENET Countess of Arundel b.1318

John FITZALAN 1st Baron Arundel b.1348

John FITZALAN 2nd Baron Arundel b.1364

Thomas FITZALAN b.1400

Eleanor FITZALAN b.1414

Sir George BROWNE b.1439

Sir Matthew BROWNE b.1469

Sir Henry BROWNE of Beechworth Castle Surrey b.1502

Sir Thomas BROWNE b.1536

William BROWNE b.1559

Peter BROWN b.1594

Mary BROWNE b.1627

Ephraim TINKHAM b.1649

Martha TINKHAM b.1678

Sarah SOULE b.1703

Samuel SNOW b.1729

Samuel SNOW Jr b.1752

Ebenezer SNOW b.1784

Bernard SNOW b.1822

Minnie SNOW b.1869

Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902


 Ragnar Sigurdsson was a Viking king of Norway and Denmark


Relationship Report


Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902


Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark b.750




Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark is the 35th great-grandfather of Mary Beatrice DASTRUP.


Lines of Descent from

Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark


———————————————————  /  ————  \  ———————————————–


Ragnar “LothBrok” SIGURDSSON King of Norway & Denmark b.750

Sigurd Hjort HELGISSON b.825


Harald “Fairhair” HARFAGER King of Norway b.860

Eric ‘ Bloodaxe” HARALDSSON b.885

Ragnfrod EIRIKSSON b.0

Mrs. Godred HAROLDSON b.1026

Gudrød Iii (Crovan) HARALDSON b.1030

King of Isle Man Óláfr “Bitling” GUÐRØÐARSON b.1080

Ragnhildis OLAFSDATTER Princess Isles of Man b.1117

Reginald Mure OF POLKELLY b.1149

Sir David MURE b.1177

Lord of Rowallan, Sir Gilchrist MURE OF ROWALLAN b.1206

Sir Archibald MURE of Rowallan b.1241

Archibald MURE b.0

William, Lord Rowallan MURE b.1265

Sir Adam MURE b.1293

Countess Elizabeth MURE of Rowallan b.1315

Alexander STEWART b.1343

Margaret STEWART b.1373

Alexander SUTHERLAND b.1395

Countess Marjory SUTHERLAND b.1424

Countess Eleanor Stewart de SINCLAIR b.1457

Lady Janet STEWART b.1461

Lady Janet GORDON Countess of Argyll b.1480

Agnes CAMPBELL b.1519

Angus MACDONALD b.1552

Mary MACDONALD b.1582

Sir James Ian Mor MACDONALD 2nd. Baronet of Sleat b.1605

Lady Marian MCDONALD b.1656

John A. MACK b.1653

John MACK Jr b.1682

Patience MACK b.1714

Philemon HAYES b.1748

Polly HAYES b.1788

Bernard SNOW b.1822

Minnie SNOW b.1869

Mary Beatrice DASTRUP b.1902



Following is a copy of Bernard Snow’s Missionary Journal. It is a very comprehensive account of the mission he served in England. It’s interesting because he came to Utah from California and joined the church in Salt Lake City. His Missionary Journal accounts for his travels originating in the Salt Lake valley and ending in England, just the opposite from most immigrants to the Salt Lake valley:





Wednesday, September 10, 1856:

Left Salt Lake City agreeably to the appointment by W.C. Kimball at 2 P.M. in company with George Gates, and Thomas Bullock. Took what is called KILLIANS cut-off, camped at the foot of the big mountain.

Thursday the 11th—:

Went over big mountain, camped at the sixth crossing of East Canyon creek, about noon to wait the arrival of P.P. Pratt and the other missionaries. Bro. S.F. NESLIN who belonged to our wagon was also in the rear. We were kindly assisted over the mountains by C.A. HUNTINGTON with a span of Indian ponies, for which Bro. Gates traded a span of mares.

Bro. Bullock and myself slept by the animals about one quarter mile from camp while Bro. Gates guarded the wagon. Ice froze in our pail about one-half inch thick. We were here overtaken by D. Arney and two young men who were with pack animals, from the south, and whose presence we had not particul­arly desired.

Friday, September 12:

Started to within a short half past 11 A.M. company in rear. at about 8 o’clock in the morning and drove distance of Weaver bottom and camped at one-half past 11 A. M. Waited the rest of the day for Neslin and the company in rear.

Saturday 13th:

None of the company has arrived this morning. While Bro. Gates was on guard this morning about 4 o’clock there was a stampede of our animals, when he aroused the camp we soon recovered them again. Started about 7:30 A.M. arrived at the mouth of Echo Canyon at 10:30 A.M. where we waited the arrival of the company, which came at about 12 noon. Started at 3 P.M. went about 8 miles up the canyon.

Sunday – 14th:

Went about 2 miles west of Cache Cave to noon. Met Capt. N. Bowley with 13 wagons, Benj. Clapp with 14 wagons and J.Y. Green with 24 wagons of merchandise for Gilbert & Gerrish. We camped about one-half mile east of the “Needle”, where we had some hail with thunder and lightning.

Monday – 15th:

Camped at the muddy.

Tuesday – 16:

Nooned at Robinsons Fort where we were kindly received by Bro. Lewis Robinson. Camped for the night at Black’s Fork where we were visited by Bros. Bullock and Pulsipher from Fort Supply and treated us to some potatoes, turnips, butter arid” cheese, for which we felt thankful.

Wednesday – 17th:

Passed a vote of thanks to our brethren before mentioned, then bade them goodbye. Nooned at Hams Fork, we camped at Blacks Fork 15 miles from Green River.

Thursday 18th:

About 10:30 A.M. met Capt. Edmund Ellsworth with 57 Hand Carts & 230 souls. We met them as we were descending the ridge to Green River. We stopped our teams and waited their approach. The sight was one of the most impressive I have ever beheld. We formed in a line, having alighted from our wagons, and as they approached we all joined in the shout “Hosanna! Hosanna! Hosanna! to God and the Lamb forever and ever. Amen Amen and Amen.”

Had a short conversation with Capt. Ellsworth who informed me that they had got along very well and without much grumbling. They make from 20 to 25 miles per day. They all appear hale and hearty, though very much sunburned. They are in excellent spirits. After about 10 minutes talk we bid them welcome to the valleys of the mountains and was on our separate ways.

Nooned at Green River crossing at the lower ford and taking a cut-off from there to Big Sandy about 10 miles from its mouth. Poor feed as it had been fed down till our animals had a poor chance.

Friday, September 19:

Nooned at the crossing of Big Sandy–poor feed. Camped at the Little Sandy on the cutoff to the south of the main road. Poor feed and no water except what is obtained by sinking holes in the sand, found in some places in the bed of the stream.

Saturday – 20th:

Nooned at Pacific Creek on the same cut off. Camped about two and one-half miles below Pacific Springs in company with Capt. Bunkers Hand Cart company mostly of Welch Saints. Bro. Bullock and myself went to one part of the camp where we were richly entertained by their singing. They feel first rate.

Sunday – 21st:

Nooned at the junction of main road and the cutoff, and camped about one-half mile from one of its branches.

Monday – 22nd:

Camped with Capt. Crofts’ Co. from the Cherokee nation.

Held a meeting with them in the evening, preaching by P.P. Pratt. We got a bottle or two of milk for our wagon.

Tuesday – 23rd:

Camped about one and one-half miles east of Bitter Cottonwood. Got some antelope meat which Bro. Ridout and others killed.

Wednesday, September 24th:

Nooned near the crossing of Sweet Water. Camped at Independence Rock in company with F.D. Richards, C.H. Wheelock, J. Furgerson, W.C. Dunbar, George D. Grant, William H. Kimball, “J.T.D. McAllister, D. Spencer, Vancott, Joseph A. Young and others, returning missionaries. Oh how our hearts leaped for joy to meet those faithful and tried ones, and to have an opportunity of congratulating them on their near approach to their loved homes, where anxious and fond hearts were ready to hail them with a holy and hearty welcome. This night is one long to be remembered by all present. How earnest and solemn were our invocations to the Lord, God of Israel, how sweet was the melody which floated on that mild evening air, and rose from beneath the great dome of natures temple to our Father.

Sleep had no power to woo us till a late hour at night, and cheating dabliance set us far beyond our usual hour for starting in the morning. Here we got news of the death of A.W. Babbitt, Sutherland, Margetts, Cowdey and others by the Cheyenne Indians and of their feelings of hostility.

Thursday – 25th:

Nooned at Grease Wood Creek, rather poor feed. Camped at Willow Springs with scarcely any feed.

Friday – 26th:

Drove without nooning to ford of the Platte River where we camped with very poor feed.

Saturday – 27th:

Drove to Crooked Muddy where we camped at about 1 o’clock for the rest of the day — good feed. Started about 10 A.M. and nooned at Deer Creek – good

Camped at the A.La Parelle where we got good feed by driving our animals about one and one-half miles from camp to the mouth of this stream on the Platte. Here we discovered a coal bed and also iron ore.

Monday – 29th:

Nooned at the second ford of the Platte–tolerable feed. In the forenoon we met Bro. Smoot with the church train. Also P. Rockwell with six wagons, 4 of which were A.W. Babbitt’s (deceased). Camped about 15 mi. from ford on the north side.

Tuesday- 30th:

Nooned on the north of Platte about 12 miles from our camp ground good – feed. Here we crossed the river and camped at what we supposed to be Horse Shoe Creek, about 10 miles from our place of nooning. Here we were overtaken by J. Gamsell and others.

Wednesday, October 1, 1856:

Drove about 21 miles to the junction of the Pioneer road on the river. These 21 miles the road does not touch the river we found water in only two places, and no feed of any account. Camped about a mile below this point on the river with plenty of feed.

Thursday – 2nd:

Passed Laramie about noon and camped some 12 miles below. Went 2 miles to shoot a Buffalo, and found them oxen from a government wagon.

Friday- 3rd:

Camped at Horse Creek in fine grass.

Saturday – 4th:

Took the cutoff from that place to the south of Scotch Bluffs and reached the river in time to camp. Here we discovered that the last Hand Cart Co. had passed up the river road. We camped about 10 miles above Chimney Rock. I was here appointed Capt. of the Guard, in place of Bro. Chas, Hubbard resigned.  About 9 o’clock A.M. we passed the last Co. of immigration. Capt. Hunt with a company of wagons and saints, mostly English among whom was Bro. James Sinforth. They were not yet moving, but were digging a grave for a child. We camped some 10 miles below Chimney Rock with good feed.

Monday, October 6th:

Drove about 20 miles and camped about one-half mile below a creek the name of which I did not know. From this time I kept no account of the route as we were not on the road corresponding with the guide, but we followed the river most of the time, the road may be considered feasible though from whatI can learn from those who have traveled the north side of the river I think that road would be the most desirable, especially as that is the course marked by the guide (Clayton) Crossed the river to the north side at Ft. Kearney at the head of Grand Island, Bros. Gates, Bullock, Neslin, Taylor, Ross Kelley and myself arrived in Florence, Oct. 27th having left the balance behind on the afternoon of the 25th near the liberty pole. They arrived about noon on the 28th. After a delay of two or three days 17 of us took passage on the Steamboat A.C. Gooding for St. Louis, the balance of our company going across Iowa. We were obliged to pay 12 dollars deck passage, and were out 11 days getting down. We were very kindly treated by the breather in Florence, and Bros. James and Alex Piper in particular we feel under obligation to.

I spent some time (8 days) in St. Louis during which time, at the suggestion of Bro. Geo. A. the Saints under the presidency of James Hart made a social and intellectual feast in the church, on which occasion I by request read a portion of the Tragedy of Virginias. By this means I obtained money to pay my passage to New York, many of the brethren who had the means, having gone on before me. I left St. Louis Nov. 20th and after three days and three nights ride arrived in New York Sunday morning the 23rd at 3:30 A.M. Being entirely a stranger there I put up at the Girard House, where I slept till about 8 o’clock when I sallied forth in search of Bro. John Taylor when I by chance met Bros. Geo. Gates, A.P. Shumway and others. Found the place of meeting in Broome St. and attended in the afternoon and evening. Having consent from Bro. Taylor to visit my relatives in Vermont and Mass. I left N.Y. on Wed. morning Nov. 26th for Vt. stopped over night in Holyoke, Mass. with my cousin Gustavus Snow, and arrived next day it being Thanksgiving Day at my fathers. I took them quite by surprise, as they had not heard a word of my coming.

I obtained consent to preach in the old meeting house (the only one in the place) on the following Sunday, and I improved it to the best of my ability, preaching in 3 discourses about five hours, which was as much as my lungs would endure, as I was laboring under the effects of a severe cold at that time. The people here are a great part of them confirmed spiritualists, and it seems almost impossible to reach them with the truth. The devil has persuaded them that they have the genuine faith and the same powers and gifts that were anciently possessed by the primitive Saints. I was however kindly treated by all my kindred in those parts. I left Vt. for Boston on the 13th of December accompanied by my brother Gerry, who kindly paid my fare to Boston (about $5). My father gave me a pair of new pants and about $8 in money. I arrived in Boston the same evening and went to Cambridge and put up with my Brother Eben and found there Bro. Herman also.

Sunday, December 14, 1856:

Visited brother Seymour who also lives in Cambridge and whose wife I had never seen before. The next morning the 15th six of my father’s ten children met together and we passed a very pleasant evening. Herman, Gerry, Eben, Bernard, Edna and Seymour, besides we had Seymours, Hermans, and Eben’s wives and Edna’s husband, making quite a party. I spent about two weeks here and preached in Boston twice, when I felt like proceeding on my journey, but unfortunately I had an affliction come upon me in the shape of one of Jobs’ comforters, under my right arm, which disabled me for some ten days. I then bespoke a passage on the ship M.E. Balch for Liverpool, but when the day appointed for her to sail arrived she was frozen into about 18 inches of ice and the harbor fairly closed up. I had collected enough to pay a steerage passage from the Saints and intended to go thus, though I had no one for a companion and there were only a few very dirty looking Irishmen and women in the steerage. My Brother Eben learning how I was intending to go gave me $25 to make out a cabin passage and went to see me safely on board. He also gave me a good hat. My brother Seymour gave me an over garment called a Talma, new for which he paid $15, also a pair of shoes, besides about $2 in money amounting to about $20.00. I take pleasure in recording these things because such cases are few and I pray God to Bless them according to their acts and open the eyes of their understanding to the truth that they may share in the Blessings of the New and Everlasting Covenant through obedience to the Gospel.

The ice having finally been cleared from the harbor I sailed Feb. 7th. from Boston at noon. Mrs. Mary Vase gave me $6 towards a passage.

We were taken by steam tug outside the lower light, when with a good breeze from the south west we made good way all day and night. We had not been out long when it appeared very evident that some of the sailors were rather the worse for liquor, and one big fellow had said to the crew that he had come on board for the purpose of hammering the chief mate. The mate having heard of his threat was patiently waiting the time. Presently he gave an order, when this fellow returned a saucy answer. The mate sprang upon him, knocked him down over a spar and holding him there gave him a most unmerciful beating. Another sailor who assayed to take part of the first was seized by the second mate and treated worse than the first. They were then forced to their work with the blood streaming from their faces. This settled the matter, and they were all quiet during the rest of the voyage.

Sunday, February 8th, 1857:

Wind continued fair through the day, but it was cloudy.

February 10th and 11th:

Head winds most of the time.

Wednesday, 11th:

Fair winds and making good time. Saw the sun for about five minutes. “Got my sea legs fairly on” (as the sailors would say) though by the by, they came near getting knocked off just now. Having finished a comfortable supper I had just stepped out into the open air for a moment. All was dark as the ace of spades, and a heavy sea on, which caused the ship to roll very freely. She occasionally shipped considerable water, and as she rolled to and fro the water not having time to escape by the scuppers, would course from one side to the other with a rush. I stood upon the grating forward of the cabin, a little elevated from the deck leaning my back against the door, with one hand grasping the door knob by way of keeping myself right end up; silently watching with admiration the sparkling phos­phoric diamonds it so lavishly spread upon the deck in its wild course hither and thither, sometimes almost yielding to the temptation to go pick up some of them. But suspecting Old Neptune meant to play me a trick I kept my post. “Firm footing better than floating with diamonds” thought I, and consoled myself with the supposed safe position and clenching “Ever tighter, tighter the knot”. Anon the ship gives a lurch, and over comes a good dash of sea–none of your small fry that!

Now she rights, then rolls the other way and down comes the water like a perfect cataract sweeping grating, door-mats and all, not forgetting my legs from their proper places. But fortunately I clung to that ever memorable doormats with the tenacity of a party politician to his last hope and lost no time in replacing my legs, and bouncing over the sill into the cabin porch, with no damage other than boots pretty well filled with water, and pants wet above the knees. From this position I watched the water as it dashed to and fro upon the deck apparently feeling for my legs while I inwardly murmured “Old Neptune, you are not half the gentleman I took you to be”. And in order to show proper resentment I rushed into the cabin and seated myself by the mizzen mast, which groaned as if it had a fit of the nervous tooth-ache and penned these few lines for spite.

Thursday, February 12:

Still cloudy and cold wind from the northward, and snow flying, with an inch on deck, which the hands are busily endeavoring to clear but being wet with spray it is all slush. The rigging is covered with ice, and one of the sailors mutters with an oath “Who wouldn’t be a sailor”. Sure enough I

thought. It ceased snowing at about 8 o’clock A.M. though the decks were very slippery, insomuch that it was difficult working the ship. Today by way of pastime I made my way to the galley where the steerage passengers do their cooking, and entered for a few moments,

In the corner sat a jolly son of Erin, puffing at his pipe, and cracking jokes upon each of the company in succes­sion. Just forward of him near the range sat a woman, and a child about 2 years of age. The pair were probably white in some by-gone day, and might yet be restored, by a liberal supply’ of soap and water.

On the right stands a man of some 25 years who, judging from his manly bearing, has seen better days, thickly clad and muffled up who now and then joins the conversation, though so hoarse that his language is scarcely audible. In comes an Irishman who boasts the age of 63 years, with a coffeepot fresh filled with water from the cask–he stumbles and is near falling on the hot range, when he is hailed by No. I in the corner–“I say ould felley that ould woman o’yourn will scarcely be worth the throuble’ your after takin. You’ll be after breakin yer nack afore ye get there sure”.

63—-“Och it’s a dacent bit of a hag she is.” It’s forty years we’ve been knocking up and down to-gither.”

No. 4 — “I say ould man, its a sorry dale of thruble yer making 0thim two women below.”

63—“0 but I would niver mind that if they be only clane an dacent. ” (still tending to his cooking, and at the same time raising his right arm to a close contact with his nasal projection, and drawing it briskly from the elbow to the wrist, leaving a mark of unmistakable something on’ his sleeve) “But by me soul they’d turn a horse’s stomach, that they would” (Repeating the operation with the other arm) With feelings of mingled mirth and disgust I bolted.

A small row occurred between the third mate and the negro cook, who was all spent in words, and no blood spilled, the cook taking good care to keep within his galley, where he could with every degree of propriety exclaim “I am monarch of all I survey”. Especially if the doors were closed.

Have not seen a sail since we left Boston, though the mate says we passed two last night, which he discovered by their lights.

Friday, February 13:

About 10 A.M. saw a Bargue to the windward about 5 miles, bound the same way as we, but we soon passed her and went out of sight.

Saturday, February 14:

Very little wind today, but we are near half way to Liverpool.

Sunday, February 15:

Good breeze all last night and today–made 220 miles. Had some talk with the Captain upon the principles of the Gospel, but like the most of the world, he evidently cares for nothing but dimes and dollars.

Monday – 16:

Moderate with

Tuesday, February 17:

Head winds and squally weather mild and rather pleasant.

February 18 – Wednesday:

No wind in the forenoon, but a good breeze in the after Comfortable on deck without overcoat. Saw two sail

Thursday – February19:

Good winds continue and weather mild.

Friday, February 20:

Strong breeze from the southward and making fine headway. Are now about 700 miles from Liverpool. Clear in the morning but dark and cloudy in the afternoon.

Saturday – February 21:

Strong south west winds and increasing hourly .. We are this evening under reefed top sails, while now and then over dashes a sea upon her decks, and sometimes it is thrown even over her poop deck.

Sunday, February 22;

Last night was a severe blow and about 1 o’clock this morning we were hove too. The passengers in the steerage were much frightened, and there were some fervent appeals to the Virgin Mary. Made sail in the morning the wind having somewhat abated. Saw the coast of Ireland at 4 P.M.

About 8 o’clock we made the first light. It cleared up in the afternoon and this is the finest evening we have had.

Monday, February 23:

Found ourselves nearly becalmed, with about a dozen sail in sight. Passed Cork Harbor and several lighthouses.

Tuesday, February 24:

Could see nothing of land in the morning, owing to a light fog which has now risen. A few sails were in sight. Some bound out and some in About 10 A.M. I saw the coast of Wales, which appears very high and mountainous.

About 3 P.M. it was obscured by a fog. We were on a sharp lookout for Nolley Head light, which the Captain was expecting to see off the starboard bow, but while we were at supper the second mate came and reported the light off the port bow. The Captain declared it must be a mistake, and sent the mate to see, but growing a little nervous, he did not wait for the mate to report, hurried out himself. The mate discovering it was verily so, gave orders to tack ship before the Captain had got on deck. We tacked and stood out from land and fortunately the breeze strengthened and we got out. Had the fog been a little thicker, so as to have hid the light a little longer, it is probable we should have got on the rocks. We were soon in a crowd of vessels, and had to keep a sharp lookout and dodge often to keep clear.

About 2 o’clock this morning were spoken to by a pilot, who came on board. Soon after, fell in with a steam-tug and went gaily on while many vessels lay there becalmed, and in the fog. We ran right into the docks and landed at 12 o’clock noon. Went to the Star office where I met Bros. Pratt, Calkin, Rae, Williams and Tulledge. Went to the boarding house with Bro. Thomas Williams, where I met Bros. John Kay, Miles Romney, and James Marsden. Received my appointment from President Orson Pratt to labor in the London pastorate under Bro. James D. Ross”

Thursday, February 26:

Went with Bro. Kay and got my things from the ship, when coming out of the gate where the customs house officer stood I walked up to him and asked if he wanted to examine my things. He looked at me and replied “No sir you are too decent a looking man I’ll trust you”. Ah thought I “You don’t know t.hat I am one of those terrible Mormons”.

Went in company with John Kay to Bury, and thence to Unsworth to see a sister-in-law Rachel Chadwick, where I stayed overnight, and returned to Bury in the morning.

Saturday, February 28:

Returned to Liverpool and wrote a letter or two.

Attended meeting in the forenoon and preached a portion of the time. In the evening attended and heard a very interesting discourse on the Priesthood by James Marsden.

Got Bro. Kay to clean my teeth and fill one, which gave me some trouble

Tuesday, March 3:

Left Liverpool for London Bros. Kay and Snut accom­panied me to the cars. Arrived in London same evening where I found Bro. Harrison, and went with him to a meeting that evening where I met Bro. Budge. Bro. Pratt loaned me E 12 in Liverpool.

Saw Bro. Ross in the morning, he was just going out of town. He gave me an order for a coat and vest Which I much needed, and told me to be ready to go with him on Saturday.

‘I’hursday, March 5:

Saw Bro. Thos. Bullock and spent some time with him, we both dined with Bro. Ross who had returned, and we three spent the evening together.

Spent the day with Bro. Bullock, dined with him at Bro. Furgersons, 13 Packenham Street, Holborn.

Saturday, March 7:

Left in the evening train for Brighton in company with Bros. Ross and Brown, where we arrived about 8:30 o’clock. I met Bro. Danl. Page with whom I parted in St. Louis.

Today is the district meeting of the Brighton district of the Kent conference, and I am appointed President of the Brighton Branch. I preached in the morning on the authenticity of the Book of Mormon.

In the evening the Priesthood met at the seashore and was baptized with a renewal of their Covenants. I was baptized by Bro. Wm. Moss pres. of this district, after which I baptized two others. We proceeded to the hall and attended to confirma­tion.  Bros. Hoss, Brown, Kelsey and page left for London.

Preached to the Saints in the evening and wrote a long letter to my family, that day.

Thursday and Friday 12 and 13:

Visited some among the Saints and formed some acquaintance.

Took possession of my room at Bro. John Thomson’s Red Cross St. having previously stayed at Bro. Vincent’s.

Sunday, March 15:

Preached in the forenoon on the falling away of the church, according to Paul’s testimony to Timothy. In the evening preaching on baptism. Had but 4 or 5 in except Saints-

Attended in the evening to rebaptism Bro. Henry Hollist (Elder) officiating when six were baptized, and one confirmed.

Tuesday, March17:

Attended again to rebaptism of Elder Wm. Moss Offic­iating baptized 8.

Wednesday, March 18:

Met and confirmed twelve. Myself officiating Bros. Moss, Hollist and myself.

Met on the beach to baptize, but finding it too rough, we postponed it till the morrow night.

Friday, March 20:

Went in the evening about 2 miles to a pond and re­baptized six and baptized James Phillips for the first time.

Have been engaged in writing nearly all day, trans­ferring this Journey from a book which was spoiled by getting wet in the Soup Fork when four of us were capsized in the river.

Sunday, March 22:

Preached in the morning on the parable of the sower who went forth to sow. In the afternoon confirmed 8 with the assistance of Bro Thos. Stanford and Henry Hollister who were to leave the next morning for Zion. Several of Bro, Hollister’s friends were in and he preached a gospel sermon, and left a faithful testimony for the people. They have been faithful brethren, and will have the prayers and best wishes of all the faithful Saints in this place.

Have been writing an article for the Star, on I Tim. 6, 10, “For the love of money is the root: of all evil, etc. Got bills from the printer on which I have announced a course of Sunday evening lectures for five weeks. Wrote a letter to Pastor Ross and enclosed a bill.

Tuesday, March 24:

Was busily engaged on an article for the Star entitled “The influence of Riches.”

Completed and forwarded the article on riches. Attended a meeting in the evening.

Thurs, March 26:

Went to Southwick 5 miles to attend the rebaptism of Six Saints, being Bro. Stanford’s and Bro. Bunn’s families. Also added one to the Branch, a daughter of Bro. Stanfords. We confirmed them all and I returned to Brighton that night where I arrived at 12 o’clock was accompanied by Bro. Chas. Mills.

Friday, March 27

Was reading and searching the scriptures all day or till evening, when I went to the sea and rebatized five, and added one baptism, a daughter of sister Hood.

Wrote a long letter to Bro. J.M. Simmons 1n the valley, and finished the day in searching the scriptures concerning the Priesthood.

Delivered the first of a course of lectures in the evening. The subject this evening was the “Priesthood”. There was a goodly attendance of strangers, who gave most excellent attention with the exception of one individual, who seemed an illiterate fellow, and under the influence of liquor, who in the midst of my discourse wanted the privilege of speaking. He was however kept very quiet one or two of the brethren who took a seat beside him. There was a person or two present re­porting my lecture, and if reported fairly, I have no objection, nay would thank them to publish it.

Went in company with President Moss to Shoreham 5 miles, and got caught in the rain, experienced a severe drenching. Came back by rail cars. Visited Bro. Burn’s family, who seemed to feel first rate.

Wrote a long letter to my brother Eben in Boston. In the evening rebaptized six members of the branch.

Received a letter from Samuel F. Neslin and answered the same. Attended meeting in the evening, but there was a thin attendance, as usual on Wednesday.

Was engaged in searching the scriptures most of the day. Administered to Bro. Thos. Hood by his request, where I dined.

Was engaged in study and writing, save one hour which I took for exercise. Spent the day in study and writing, wrote an article for the Star on “The Consistency of Anti-Mormons “, which I enclosed with a short letter to Bro. Pratt:

Fast day. Met with the Saints at the Hall at 9 A.M. for prayer. Although there was but few present we had a good time, and a free flow of spirit. Met at 11 A.M. when I preached on the creation, the transgression, the atonement, etc. In the afternoon were favored with the presence of President Wm. H. Kelsey who preached an interesting discourse to the Saints on reformation. Evening I lectured agreeably to public announcement on the “Apostacy of the Church.” the same being the second lecture of the course. When I arrived at the Hall in the company with Bro. Kelsey I found a Reverend of the Church of England in waiting attended by two others whose calling I did not learn. He wished to know whether he could be allowed to   speak to the people after me. I informed him that could not, as I had given out for the subject of the lecture of a single evening that which instance should comprise three lectures and expected to use all the time which we could reasonably expect an audience to be patient. He replied “There you do not admit discussion”. “Yes Sir” said I, when discussion is the object of the meeting, but I do not allow discussion to take the place of a lecture, which the people have come to hear. He professed a great degree of sincerity, and honesty and said that before God he humbly desired the truth, and nothing but the truth. He expressed a desire to see me and have an interview. I told I would call on him, and asked his residence, when he took from his pocket a note sealed and gave me saying I would therein find his name and address and making a move for the door. I kindly invited him to take a seat with me and remain but he excused himself, saying that he perfectly understood our doctrines; he had read Orson Pratt’s works. I then doubted very much his honesty, and after taking my seat I perused the note, as did also President Kelsey which was as follows:

6 Powis Square, Brighton.


As a lover of the truth and a lover of Jesus, look­ing to the spirit of God for strength and guidance I have an earnest longing for your soul, and for the souls of those whom you–a blind leader of the blind–are directing to their fall, I desire to speak to these people in answer to what you may put forward this evening; and am prepared to contest your errors, either in public or in private, in the spirit of love and faithfulness, and in compassion for one whom Satan is leading captive at his will. And who is a victim of the most fearful imposture which has startled Christians since the days of Mahomet. I wish to do nothing of contention but all things in order; and therefore would not without your permission interrupt your service, by standing forth as my heart prompts me and proclaiming the truth as it is In Jesus. I beg to remain your sincere well wisher and one who would be your guide to the knowledge of better things. Henry Oliver, Minister of Christ in the Communion of the Church of England. ”

After reading this note I was well enough satisfied of his character and the spirit he was of, and on regre-ted that I had promised to call on him, nevertheless for my words sake I purpose going.    During the day confirmed six who were rebaptized last Tuesday evening.

In the afternoon called at the house Mr. Oliver and was informed that he was not in. I then proceeded to my room and wrote him the following not; but while I was writing it two gentlemen, (the same I think who were with him on Sunday evening) called and informed me that Mr. Oliver had been search for me, but having forgotten my address failed to find me; and they wished to know if I would call on him. I informed them that I had just called at his house, but not finding him I had commenced a note to him, which I would com­plete and send together with my address to him, after which if he desired an interview I should be happy to have him call on me. On which they presented me with a card reading as follows:

Rev. Henry Arnold Oliver, 6 Powis Square

(which appears to be an addition to the name signed to the note?) My note to him read as follows:

17 Red Cross Street Brighton.

Dear Sir:

I read your note with no small degree of surprise, considering it as I did in ill keeping with the liberal amount of sincerity and desire for truth with which you clothed your­self in the few words of conversation between us on last Sunday evening. I then during that conversation engaged to call on you; but on my invitation to you to remain and hear what I might advance, your assurance that you perfect understood our doctrines, together with a subsequent perusal of your note con­vinced me that such a call would be useless, and unproductive of any good. But nevertheless, for my words sake I called this date your house, but was informed you were not in.  I there-fore pen this note.

I count myself not wise after the traditions of men or the rudiments of the world; but having within me an heart, not wedded to the splendors or riches of this world–but to the cause of Christ, I have forsaken in the first in­stance, Father, Mother, Brothers and Sisters a chance and a prospect of worldly riches and prosperity with which they are blessed (if indeed such be a blessing) for the sake of truth. And now have I left home, wife, children and friends which are dear to me, and journeyed eight thousand miles, trusting to the care of a merciful Providence, during a lapse of years, which I may be absent; and for what? Worldly applause? No! For like Paul I have learned that if I would please men. “I would not be the servant of Christ”. For the God of this generation (gold)? No! I receive no compensation or hire. What then? For the cause of Christ, for the love of righteousness–the Kingdom of God! From a sense of duty; knowing that God requires it at my hands < I have left the work-shop, and not the seminary of learning, having been ordained to preach the Gospel and call men to repentance. I appear not in my own name but in the name of Him”, who spake as never man spake”. You then Sir, should at least give me the credit for sincerity, and perhaps you do, but if so, you approach me by your note in a way that is not in keeping with the wisdom which should grace a man in your station. Now Sir I appeal to you whether it would not have been better calculated to inspire confidence and good feeling in me, to­wards you by which, if I am in error you could the more readily have reached my heart, if you had kindly expressed your opinion or even your solemn convictions that I was in error, rather than in unqualified ed terms to have pronounced me “A blind leader of the blind. One whom Satan is leading captive at his will”, and etc. Pardon me for saying I consider such expressions rather uncourteous. I will not however lay them to heart or allow them to excite the least degree of enmity in me. I must beg leave to say (if you wish to lead me into a controversy) I shall not allow myself to be drawn into a discussion, except it be upon the truth of the principles I advocate compared with the doctrines you teach. I am not ignorant of the course generally pursued by opponents of Mormonism. Vis-The drawing of peoples minds from the truth of the principles by making an attack upon the character of persons and individuals connected therein, obtained through newspaper reports and pamphlet libels, and thus appealing to the prejudices of the people, instead of their judgment. With such a controversy, I will have nothing to do; not that I consider the ground of the defense untenable, but because it is foreign to the point mainly at issue; and I con­sider it beneath my calling as an Elder of Israel. Because other people will paddle in dirty waters must I therefore do it? Verily no. Suppose an infidel should wish to discuss with you, and-propose to prove that ,Jesus was a vile and im­moral character because his enemies in his time counted him such. Would you not consider it beneath your calling to engage in discussion with him?

It is with principles I have to do, not men. The Gospel of Christ was none the less the truth heaven, because he was called “gluttonous”/, and a wine bibber”, “a friend of publicans and sinners”.  The doctrines of Paul were none the less true, because the people cried “Away with such a fellow from the earth; for it is not fit that he should live”.

And now sir, I exhort you in all earnestness and  sincerity of heart, to through aside prejudice and the traditions of men, and let thereby the scales fall from your eyes. Hearken to the voice of truth–obey the Gospel of live and salvation, and you shall receive light and knowledge, to which as yet you are a stranger. In the spirit of love and kindness I subscribe,

Yours truly,

Bernard Snow.


Should you desire an interview with me, you will generally find me at my residence, on the morning of each day, say from 8 A.M. to 12 Noon. B. SNOW.

To H.A. Oliver (This note I put in the post to address)

In the morning was sent for to administer to Sister Alice Hook who was said to be in hysterics. I went to the house meditating and praying as I went, feeling fully assured that it was an evil spirit that had got possession of her. I found the sisters present much alarmed, and Alice upon the bed and giving vent to loud and wild bursts of laughter, and would moan and cry most piteously, while she was wholly unconscious of anything which was transpiring, and took no notice of anyone who might speak to her. I placed my hand upon her head and rebuked the spirit in the name of Jesus Christ. The evil spirit made one desperate struggle, and began a wild defiant laugh, but it died away in the midst of a breath, and the spirit had left her. I called again in about two hours, and found her sitting with her work in hand. I felt to glorify God, and praise his name, that he had respect unto the ministrations of one so weak and unworthy as myself. This evening I received a note from Mr. Oliver in reply to mine as follows:

Dear Sir:

I should much like to see you, if it were only to Assure you that it was in no uncourteous spirit that I wrote to you as I did on Sunday.

In all honesty and sincerity I could only address you as that which I believe you to be. It is because I am sure that you are fatally in error, that I am anxious to bring you from a condition of danger. I give you credit for sincerity, but this makes your condition more fearful. I know that the principles of Mormonism areas opposed to the Principles of the Gospel, as the life of its founder was opposed to the example of my Savior; and this I am prepared to show, and to this point I am willing to confine myself as you desire, in any discussion of the points of the issue between us. I thank God that I have found the truth in the knowledge, the practical knowledge that Christ. Jesus came into the world to save sinners of whom “I am chief”. Preach this gospel, this good tidings of great joy, and no one would more heartily wish you God speed than I; but when I find that you add unto the words of Christ, and teach for doctrines the commandments of men, I must for the honor of Jesus oppose you Â for the sake of your own soul! And for the sake of the souls of those who may be misled through your teachings.  My not staying to hear you on Sunday, was occasioned by the feeling that my staying would be attended with no good result.

I was weary with my days work, and I sought for re-freshment in meditation knowing that I could only be grieved by hearing doctrines with which I am acquainted, without the power of making a stand for the truth. 1 am daily engaged in the service of the church; and my Labors are carried on in a district at some at some distance from Red Cross St. I yet hope that I may see you, and arrange for a public discussion. I must in the meantime continue to pray for you, that God maybe pleased to enlighten your eyes, that you may see the errors of the system you advocate; and give you courage to seek for safety in the simplicity of the Gospel of Christ. I remain

Yours very sincerely,


Henry A. Oliver.


I must thank you very much for giving yourself the trouble of writing to me; and am very sorry that I was not at home yesterday,–I also sought for you; but from having mistaken the no. of your residence I called at several houses in vain.

  1. Spray a young man who has of late attended our meetings and seemed much interested, n the evening called on me, and wished the first opportunity to be baptized.

Wednesday, April 8th, 1857:  

Spent the day in reading and visiting some of the Saints. In the evening was our meeting, and I spoke of the In-consistency and lack of faith on the part of the saints, or some of them in running to the Doctors, arid taking their rotrums when sick, and then at the same the calling on the Elders to administer to them in the sacred and holy ord nances of the Gospel.

Spent the day mostly in study but made a few calls upon the Saints. In the evening rebaptized ten of the members of the branch. Got a letter from John Kay in which I was informed that Dan’l N. Wells was appointed in place of J.M. Grant (de-ceased). Also that James Marsden was cut: off from the church for dishonesty.

(Good Friday)

Went in the forenoon in company with Elder John Thomson and Thos. Spray about 3 miles from the town where I baptized the latter. In the afternoon I took a walk up on the hill to the race ground. In the evening baptized Miss Louisa Boys Doe.

Saturday, April 11th:

Was engaged in study and visiting the Saints. In the evening about 10 o’clock rebaptized one member of the branch. Received a few lines from Bro. J.D. Ross our pastor from London.

Sunday, April 12th – 1857: 

Preached to the Saints 1n the morning on tithing. In the afternoon confirmed nine, and then listened to President Ross who was with us, on the principles of the gospel, there being some strangers present. I followed him and bore my testimony. In the evening I lectured on the “Restoration of the Gospel”. The evening was wet and rainy, so that but few were in but all who were there gave excellent attention.

Visited some of the Saints at Hove, and administered to a boy of Bro. Mowers who had made a rupture just above his groin by a fall. His wife the mother of the boy was not enjoying the spirit, but seems to have the spirit of apostasy, which I fear will prevent in some measure the full benefits and blessings being made manifest.

Tuesday April 14, 1857

Wrote a letter to John Taylor, Editor of “The Mormon” New York, and spent the balance of the day in reading and writing.

Went to Hove in company with Bro. Moss my district President, and administered to Bro” Mowers boy, who seemed much better than he was the other day when I was there. Attended meeting in the evening, when Bro. Moss spoke on the principles of the reformation, and wished them to reform in all things. He did not wish them when taken ill to first run for a Doctor and then for an elder: he would not go, under such circumstances if he knew it. Had several strangers in, and I spoke for a few moments on the subject. of “‘The Kingdom of God”.

Spent the forenoon in study and afternoon went about 3-1/2 miles with Pres. Moss on his way to St. John’s common.

Friday, April 17, 1857:

Visited several of the Saints and found them in good spirits. I received a letter from Mr. Oliver which I insert herein rather than copy it.

Visited Hove and administered to Bro. Mowers little boy.  Spent the balance of the day in reading and writing.

Preached in the morning upon the subject of faith. In the afternoon partook of the sacrament as usual, in the evening lectured on Spiritualism, the same being the fourth one of the course, good attendance and strict attention.

Monday, April 20, 1857:

Wrote and posted three letters in the forenoon, and in the afternoon, visited some of the Saints who were sick. Also had an hours conversation with Mr. & Mrs. Cooke who are searching for truth. They are old people, and have one daughter gone to the valley. In the evening had a long conversation with what is known as a scripture-reader, but soon found he was not a Scripture teacher. I plagued him for a while, but doubt whether it will result in any good to him, though I bore him my faithful testimony, and cleared my garments I think of his blood. Received a letter from my wife Ali , dated October 16th.

Tuesday, April 21, 1857

Visited several of the Saints who were sick, and in company with Bro. John Thomson administered to a child of Bro. Coles named Heber, also to Sister Mitchell who is in deep con­sumption; besides a Hirum a son of Bro. Mitchell, who is afflicted with increasing hard hearing, approaching deafness.

Spent the day in study and attended evening, Preached upon faith and its effects. Faith has the power to rob of life. It has power to fasten disease upon us; if we receive such faith, hence the necessity and resisting evil influences.

Spent the day in reading and writing a synopsis there­of. Received a letter from Pres. Kelsey in which he informs me that Dan Page Jr. is made Pastor over Cambridge, Norvich and one other conference.

Was engaged in writing to my correspondents in the morning and visited some of the Saints in the morning, and re­baptized three.

Saturday, April 25, 1857:

Was engaged in study and writing, and in visiting the sick.

Preached on the parable of Jesus in which he likens those who hear and do his sayings to him who build his house upon a rock, etc. Afternoon attended to sacrament and confirmation. In the evening lectured upon the Gospel versus Riches. The Hall was very well filled being more strangers present than I had ever seen before. They gave excellent attention.

Visited Hove and administered to Bro. Bray and after coming home was sent for again from Hove by Bro. Mower who was attacked with a violent fever. I accordingly went again in the evening and administered to him assisted by Elder Davey. Also called with him on our return and prayed with Sister Mitchell who was near death with consumption.

Tuesday, April 28, 1857:

Finished an article no. 2 on the “Consistency of anti-Mormons for the Star and visited Bros. Brayby and Hower at Hove,  who I found much better. Bro. Mowers fever had entirely left him. Wrote some letters to members of the Branch who reside at a distance from Brighton, to know of them whether they wished to renew their covenants and continue as members of the Branch.

President Kelsey paid a visit to Brighton and President Moss was also present. Bro. Kelsey preached to the saints in the evening.

Thursday, April 30:

Went to Southwick to Bro. Stanfords in company with Presidents Kelsey and Moss. Returning called upon Sister Mitchell  who was very low indeed, though having full control of her natural senses, and able to answer “yes” or “no” . I then asked her if she felt any fear of death to she answered “no”.

Bro. Kelsey and myself then laid hands upon her head and ask d the Lord to take her, and prayed that she might be spared all severe pain in her last moments. When we removed our hands she seemed almost asleep, and very calm. This was at about seven in the evening: at half past 10 she was free and her spirit liberated from its mortal coil.

In the forenoon with Bro. Kelsey audited he accounts of Bro. Moss as Book-Agent which occupied our time till noon. In the afternoon went in company with five brothers vis. Kelsey, Moss, Upfield, Bunn, Mills and three sisters vis. Moss, Ashworth and Hook to the race course on the hill, had a short time at ball, playing by way of recreation.  In the evening went to a Protestant meeting at the Town Hall, and listened to two or three confirmed bigots for about two hours, which served to show the gross darkness of the minds of the people.

By consent of Pastor Ross I left Brighton in company with President Wm. N. Kelsey to take a trip through the con­ference. Rode by rail eight miles to Sewes and walked twelve miles to Crossinhand, a country place, where we stayed that night with Sister Ellis.

Held a meeting forenoon and afternoon, then walked five miles to Mayfield where we had a meeting in the evening, and I preached to a small congregation (though about as many as the room would hold) for an hour and a half. Bro. Edmund Gibbs was also with us.

Enjoyed a walk through the fields for a while and visited Saint Dunstans Castle, who is said to have pinched the Devil’s nose with red-hot tongs. This old building was erected some-time in the 10th century, and was evidently a fine building though now a mass of ruins, having evidently been battered down by some rude force from without. In the evening held another meeting at the house of Bro. Turner (as before) who also hos­pitably entertained us during our stay. The country about here was indeed beautiful and the banks of the roads strewn with prim­roses and other flowers.

Bid adieu to Mayfield and also to Bro. Gibbs, and walked to Tichurst Road where we took train for Battle. We were met at Battle by Bro. Driver who led us to the house of Bro. Watman about three miles. In the evening walked to Bredetwo miles, and preached, returning after meeting.

Walked nine miles to Hastings, and stopped at Sister Goodsells where we held a meeting in the evening.

Took train to Ashford then walked to Smeethe, where we took train to Dover where we arrived about noon having left Bro. Driver at Hastings. Made it our home at Sister Kelsey’s. Pres. Kelsey’s mother. In the afternoon visited the Dover Castle, viewed the place in part and witnessed the evolutions of the 93rd regiment who distinguished themselves by their bravery at the siege of Sebastrapool. In the evening we had a meeting, when I preached the most of the time on Spiritualism. There was good feelings, and another meeting appointed for the following evening.

Friday, May 8, 1857:

Forenoon went again to the Castle and went to the top of the Keep were shown the cells where Henry the VIII t his prisoners saw a clock 539 years old, which looked like the work of a country Blacksmith.

Were shown a well over 300 ft. deep, a stone dropped from the top was 7-1/2 seconds in reaching the bottom. In the afternoon went in company Bro. Archibald a soldier, Bro. Kelsey and Blake to the citadel, and spent two or three hours then descending the main shaft and emerging into the town. Had good meeting in the evening, Bro. Kelsey preached and was followed by Bro. Keating in a few remarks.

Went about 2 miles to what is called the ruins of St. Raneganis abbey in company with Bros. Kelsey and Blake, where we spent about an hour among the ruins, which were mostly over­grown with ivy.

Held three meetings. In the evening I preached on the Priesthood. Meetings were very well attended and a good spirit prevailed.

Walked to Hounington with Bros. Kelsey and Blake, stopped at Bro. Best’s where we held a good meeting in the evening. I preached about an hour.

Walked to Canterbury where we arrived about 6 o’clock P.M. but were not able to get a meeting that evening, in which we were disappointed.

Walked to Faversham and found Bro. Keating with whom we spent the afternoon and in the evening had a glorious meeting with the Saints, who seemed to possess the spirit of the Lord. They made me a donation of five shillings to help me on my way.

Walked 18 miles to Chatham where we held a meeting in the evening and afterward took train for Lewisham where we arrived at 11 Oclock at Bro. Kelsey’s  home where we stayed the night.

Friday, May 15, 1857:

Went to London in the morning where I met Bros. Ross, Budge and others. I spent a part of the time that day in the British Museum and stayed overnight with Bro. Ross.

Spent the day partly in London and then returned to Bro. Kelseys. In the evening accompanied him to the rebaptism of his wife and two others, and assisted to confirm them.

Sunday, May 17, 1857:

Took the train for Brighton where we arrived at 9:30 A.M. Bro. Ross arrived in the next train in company with Bro. Pierce a Young man just sent out to travel and preach. We had an excellent time on this day, and a very good attendance in the evening, when Bro. Ross preached.

Monday, May 18, 1857:

Several brethren and sisters from London among whom was Budge & Stanford arrived by the excursion train and we all dined together after which we took a sail upon the water, but as most of them was sick we did not enjoy it much.

We all dined at Bro. Henry Vicent’s and the company mostly returned in the evening We had a meeting of the Saints in the evening, and Bro. Kelsey and myself ordained Bro. Aaron Bunn to the office of an Elder, as he was called at the council on Sunday evening to go out and preach the Gospel, though he is but 17 years of age. We also by direction of the council and the vote of the Branch, ordained Bro. Demas Ashdown to the office of a Priest.

Bro. Kelsey left to visit other Branches. In the after­noon I went to Southwick in company with Bro. Joseph Stanford to his fathers, calling at Hove and administering to a daughter of Bro. E. Braby, Stopped over night at Southwick.

Wednesday, May_ 20, 1857:

Returned by way of Hove and again administered to Braby’s daughter though with but little faith, as I learned that she was in charge of a doctor, which plainly indicated to me that there was no faith on the part. In the meeting Bros. Moss and Stanford were present, and we had a good time.

Was engaged 1n writing upon the Book of Revelations, 1n answer to a letter of questions, and in reading.

Friday, May 22, 1857

Spent the day in reading prayer and meditation, as it continued to rain all day.  Have this day procured 84 tracs, 7 numbers, 12 copies of each for distribution which I intend to circulate next week.

Saturday, May 23, 1857:

Was engaged in writing and reading most of the day.

Sunday May 24, 1857:

Preached forenoon, afternoon, and evening to a very good audience. Felt a heaviness all spirit of depression all day from some cause not understood to me.

Went among some of the aristocracy endeavoring to distribute tracs but did not meet with much success.  I could only get to see a servant at each house and they had all received positive orders not to receive them into the house. I think of returning to the humbler classes.  Visited Bro. Brabs daughter at Hove, and administered to her.

Wrote the following letter to Rev. Henry A Oliver in answer to the one I received April 17th:

Rev. Sir,

I have patiently waited for a considerable time with the pleasing expectations of an interview with you to confer again matters which are vital importance to us both.  Something more than a month has passed since I received your last letter, apologizing for not having called agreeably to your intention expressed in a former note, and reassuring me in the hope I entertained of soon seeing you face to face.  Thus Far I have been subject to disappointment, and fearing I may not have the opportunity of a personal interview, I again venture write to you as your last letter seemed to require a reply, inasmuch as you have there laid down in due form your objections to the doctrines I hold.  You say that  the notion of a fresh revelation being necessary does dishonor to the savior in whom you profess to believe, and to whose church you avowedly belong.  Now sir, with all due respect I confess my inability to discover the correctness of this position which you have assume; nor do I fully comprehend you in the term fresh revelation unless indeed you wish me to infer that all revelation given or received since the days of our Savior on the earth, are fresh revelations, and consequently do him dishonor. If this be your meaning then must you class Paul, Peter, John and many others of the early saints among those who dishonor him, for they received revelations? If this be not your meaning, then it is evident there must have been a time when genuine and revelations ceased forever to be given to the children of men. When this time was is what I would like to be informed. According to the understanding I have of the scriptures, (and I have studied them with care) revelation ever did and ever will continue, where there are any genuine Christian believers; for they will possess the Holy Ghost, of which revelations or the spirit of prophecy is one of the legitimate fruits, and without which the church cannot exist. Thus it appears we differ very much in our views, and both of us cannot be right.

What is to decide between us? The dogmas of ages-­the long established and un scriptural creeds of uninspired men? Assuredly not. Let the word of God decide! I mean that which you acknowledge as the word of God; Viz: The Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. Upon such testament I am willing to rest the issue. Again you say “That 2nd–your ideas respecting the Priesthood, dishonor him,–who has by sacrifice of himself, forever made atonement for man’s sins,–and who is the “one mediator between God and man” and herein has done away with the necessity of a Priest.”

I confess this objection somewhat surprises me. That a man who has devoted his life to the ministry, with the bible within his reach, should assume such a position is to a plain uneducated man like myself, one of the wonders of the age! That he was and is the “One mediator between God and man” is most true nor is-any revelation received by man except through him, but that he was not to have men holding the Priesthood under him, through whose instrumentality he would control and direct the affairs of his kingdom on the earth, is what I deem unreasonable, and above all, very unscriptural. Your ideas on this point, however, are not new to me; they were advanced by Mr. Alex Camp­bell several years ago, and have been reiterated by nearly all of the host of Mormon opposers from that day to this. But such objection fall powerless when we examine the scripture. Says Mr. Campbell (and so say you) “Christ the great Priest of Melchisedic has done away with the necessity of a Priest,” which may be very plausible for those who find themselves destitute of a Priesthood, by way of self justification; but will fail to satisfy sincere enquirers after the truth, it being merely the assertions of men. What say the scriptures? Who made Jesus a self to be made a high Priest; but he that said unto him, thou art my son, today have I begotten thee. (Heb. 5-5 By this we learn that God glorified his son by conferring upon him the Holy Priesthood after the order of Melchisdic.

The question naturally arises; did Christ confer this Priesthood upon others? Mr. C. says no. – The host of opposers say no! And you say no! But shall we allow Jesus to speak for himself? “And the glory which thou gavest me, I have given t.hen; that they may be one, even as we are one.” (John XVI, 22)

And I will give unto thee the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven: and whatsoever thou shall bind on earth shall be bound in Heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” (Mat. XVI, 19) By this and much more that might be quoted, it appears that the priestly power by which God glorified his son, was conferred upon men that they might be one with him, as he was one with the Father. But if you still object and say that this does not explicitly declare they were made priests (which I grant though it is its obvious meaning) I will, in order to show more explicitly or clearly and beyond question that the Apostles and early Christians did receive the priesthood, quote again “Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an Holy Priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by, Jesus Christ” (Peter 2, 5).

“But ye are a chosen generation, a peculiar people etc. (1 Pet. 2, 9)

Again John the Revelator in writing to the seven churches of Asia. Unto him that loved us and washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to whom be glory and dominion forever and ever. (Rev. 1 5 & 6) Either Mr. Campbell, yourself, and others are in the dark, or Peter and John were laboring under a very great and fatal error at least, so it appears to me. I have in my day heard much talk among professing Christians (a sect of which I was in former times associated with) about a Millennium; a time when Jesus will reign with his chosen people on the earth, a thousand years; when Satan will be bound etc. All seem to be looking forward with cheerful expectation, and buoyant hopes to that happy time.

Now, sir, it occurs to me, that if revelator John, who has foretold this happy time, was not laboring under a very great mistake as to who was to compose that happy number, of which he writes: many very many who are looking forward in fond anticipation of the joys in store for them during that reign are doomed to disappointment. Who are to compose that happy throng? Let John answer the question, as he doubtless understands the matter better than you or I.

“And they sung a new song, saying. Thou art worthy to take the book, and open the seals thereof; for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every king­dom and tongue, and people and nation; and thou hast made us kings and priests, and wshall reign on the earth.” (Rev. V.9:10)

Again “But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection. On such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of god and of Christ and shall reign with him a thousand years.” (Rev. XX: 5, 6)  If then John had a fair understanding of what he wrote, all who obtain a first resurrection are such as have attained to the priesthood through the attonement of Christ: and since the various sects of professing Christians have not attained to the priesthood, not by profession even. I conclude that unless they repent and yield implicit to the commandments of our Saviors-obtain the Holy Ghost and a portion of the Priesthood, they will not be found on the morning of the first resurrection among those “who are Christs at his coming and who will reign with him upon the earth a thousand years! I trust that I am not uncharitable in my feelings, but I must take the words of God as I find it.

I have not brought forward the tithe of the scriptures which might be adduced in support of the “ideas I entertain respecting the priesthood.” Which ideas I think do not dishonor our Saviors in the least; but I have already extended this letter beyond the limits I intended: I will therefore forbear for the present. I have noticed this second point of yours more particularly, because upon this hangs all. If you prove to me that there was to be no more priests after Christ, I must perforce yield the point, and not that point only, but the whole system I advocate; for that would prove Joseph Smith an imposter, and the whole system falls to the ground.

Hoping you will be both able and willing to enlighten me, if I am deceived, I remain very sincerely


Bernard Snow

Went to Hove and visited Bro. Bro. Braby daughter

Went to Hove and spent the rest of the day in reading and study and writing.

Thursday, May 28th:

Commenced a piece of poetry on “Famine for the word” and finished the day in study.

Friday, May 29th:

Finished the piece of poetry commenced yesterday and sent to the Star.

Saturday, May 30:

Wrote business letters to President Kelsey and Pastor Ross and spent of the day in study.

Sunday, May 31, 1857:

Preached three times and had several strangers in who appeared interested Gave notice that Bro. Thos. Bullock of Utah would be with us on next Sabbath, having received a letter from him to that effect.

Monday, June 1, 1857:

Was called upon to go to Southwick 5 ml. to administer to Sister Stanford who I found in keenest of agony. I with Bro. Stanford administered to her by anointing and laying of hands-­after a few moments finding that the distress continued, we knelt in prayer, after which the pain abated and she was soon in quiet sleep. After waiting about 3 hours I left her still comfortable. Went in the morning and took in the tracts I had out, but they did not wish another.

Tuesday, June 2, 1857:

Was engaged in writing to Bishop L.W. Hardy and family.

Wednesday, June 3, 1857:

Visited Sister Stanford in company with Elder E. Gibbs–found her up and about her house. Attended our regular meeting in Brighton in the evening, when Bro. Gibbs preached and a good spirit prevailed.

Thursday, June 4, 1857:

Spent a portion of the day with Bro. Gibbs and the rest in reading. Received a letter from Bro. Geo. Gates informing that by a letter from his family, dated 28th Feb. that my Anne had brought forth twin daughters which were alive when the letter left, but did not inform me how old they were, or anything of particulars.

Friday: June 5, 1857:

Was engaged on an article for the Star entitled “Mormonism verses Civilization”.

Saturday, June 6, 1857:

Visited the Saints, many of them and read and wrote the balance of the day.

Sunday, June 7, 1857:

Met in the morning for fasting and prayer. Met Bro. Thos. Bullock at the Station and conducted him to the meeting room. He preached forenoon and evening and also bore testimony in the afternoon.

Monday, June 8, 1857:

Spent the day with Bros. Kelsey and Bullock, had a special meeting in the evening when Bro. Kelsey and also Bro. Bullock addressed the Saints. A good spirit prevailed the meeting.

Tuesday, June 9, 1857:

Went to St. John’s Branch in company with Presid­ent Kelsey and Bro. Thos. Bullock. Went to work in the brick­yard with Bro. Miller, Most of the afternoon and preached in the evening, a part of the time, and Bro. Bullock the balance and returned that night to Brighton. Found a letter from home and also one from my brothers in Boston.

Wednesday, June 10th:

spent the day in visiting the Saints and having a sea-bathe. Had a good meeting in the evening and enjoyed it much. Bros. Kelsey, Bullock and myself each addressed the people.

Thursday, June 11, 1857:

Went with Bro. Bullock to Shoreham and Southwick visiting the Saints, and returning in the evening.

Friday, June 12, _1857:

Was engaged in writing notes to the several Editors in Brighton and vicinity, to accompany the Star con­taining an answer to Judge Drumonds report.

Received through the New York Tribune sent to Bro.Bullock, the news of P.P. Pratt’s death by assassination at the hands of Hector H. McLean.

Saturday, June 13:

Wrote a number of letters to different parts of England to the Saints informing of the death of Bro. Pratt as reported by the Tribune, and spent the balance of the day with Bro. Bullock.

Sunday, June 14:

Went to St. Johns Branch leaving Bro. Bullock to fill my place in Brighton. Preached there forenoon and afternoon. In the evening went in company with some of the brethren and sisters to Hurst to Preach in the open air. We commenced our services by singing and prayer amid the scoffs and jeers of an increasing crowd. I commenced preaching by assuring them that I had come to teach them the truth, and appeared before them not in my own name, but in the name of the Lord. I spoke for near an hour (till my lungs began to fail me) to many people who gave very good attention, and mallifested a strong desire to hear, but were in a great measure prevented by a number of young men, heading a parcel of boys who kept up an incessant screaming for the purpose of drowning my words. After we had dismissed the meeting we started for the Gate station where I left the balance of the company, or rather they left me; we were followed all the way from twon by about thirty young men and boys, screaming and hollering and throwing stones and dirt at us. A policeman overtook us at the station and warned us not to come within the limits of the town again to preach out of doors, or we should be prosecuted, as he said it was against the law; but said that no person had the right to assault us in any manner. Arrived at Brighton at 10 o’clock.

Monday, June 15, 1857:

Bro. Bullock left by train for London. Spent the fore­noon in writing and reading, in the afternoon attended a public meeting (at the Pavilion) for the purpose of promoting open-air preaching. Many speeches were made to prove that such preaching was scriptural and also that it was expedient inasmuch as their churches were but very thinly attended, and something was necessary to add to their fast diminishing congregations.

Tuesday, June 16, 1857:

spent the day in reading, writing and visiting the saints. In the evening attended meeting. Pres. Moss was present and preached a portion of the time, and a good spirit pervaded the meeting.

Friday, June 19, 1857:

Wrote a letter to my brother Seymour, and enclosed a piece of poetry for the “Mormon” entitled “The Famine for the Word”

Saturday, June 20, 1857:

Spent the day in study of the scriptures, and in writing.

Sunday, June 20, 1857:

Went by appointment of Pres. Kelsey through Pres. Moss to St. John’s branch in the morning, and preached on Spiritualism. Returned after their council meeting to Brighton, and addressed the Saints for a short time in the evening. Spoke for an hour to an attentive congregation among which were many strangers. My subject was suggested by the words of Christ to his Disciples. Luke 12: 4,5. “Be not afraid of them that kill the body, etc.” The spirit of the Lord rested on me, and was like a fire in my bones. I spoke with great ease and plainness, and gave a faithful testimony of the work of God.

Monday and Tuesday, June 22 and 23, 1857:

Visited some of the Saints in the town and found a generally good feeling among them. Spent the balance of time in reading and writing.

Wednesday, June 24, 1857:

Bros. Moss and Gibbs arrived and were at the evening meeting which was a time for refreshing to all present, and the spirit of the Lord was with us.

Thursday, June 25, 1857:

Visited Southwick and Hove Saints and tried to infuse life into some who are nearly dead to Spirituality. Returned and in the evening was present at the baptism of one, and the rebaptism of two, Bro. Moss officiating.

Friday, June 26, 1857:

Was engaged with President Moss in making out a report of the Branch. In the evening attended to the con­firmation of two, assisted by Bros. Moss and Gibbs.

Was engaged in reading and In visiting among the Saints.

Preached in the morning on the duties of the Saints, and urged the necessity of more fasting and prayer that we may be filled with the Holy Spirit. In the afternoon adminis­tered the sacrament and the Saints occupied the time in sing­ing and testifying of the truth.

In the evening Bro. Moss preached and I added my testimony. But few strangers present, and they all left before the meeting closed.

Monday, June 29, 1857:

Went by special invitation from President Moss to Arundell by excursion train at 11 A.M. and returned in the evening. Visited the Castle and keep which was an ancient looking affair.

The Park of the Duke of Norfolk is a splendid one and contains about 1500 deer, which were skipping and running in all directions. The distance is about 18 miles from Brighton.

Tuesday, June 30, 1857:

Was engaged with Pres. Moss all day on the Financial and Statistical reports of the district, and wrote some letters in the evening which occupied my time till past midnight.

Wednesday, July 1, ‘1857:

Received an appointment from Pres. O. Pratt to take the Pastoral charge of the Southamton and Dorsetshire Con­ferences, with instructions to repair to my field as soon as possible.

Tuesday,July 2, 1857:

Was busy all day in writing letters and visiting the saints.

Friday, July 31857:

Assisted President Moss in finishing his Semi-annual reports.

Was visiting among the Saints and striving to strengthen them and build them up in the faith.

Preached in the morning after the fast meeting on the subject of “Confidence in God”. Afternoon had a testimony meeting and administered the sacrament. Evening I preached on the subject of Prophets in the Christian dispensation, in answer to the position taken by the opponents of “Mormonism” who declare that Jesus is the only true prophet of the true church. Spoke for about an hour and forty minutes; bade the Saints adieu for the present, and exhorted them to live their religion every day.

Monday, July 6, and Tuesday, July 7, 1857:

Visited the Saints, taking my leave of them, and giving them my parting blessing. The last evening a number of them met at my lodgings and we spent the evening in pleasant conversation and closed by singing and prayer. They gave me sufficient to take me to my new field of labour.

Took the train for Southampton. On my arrival at Chichester I found Bro. Simmons and Sister Wiscombe in waiting for the train, and they presented me with something to eat and a nice bouquet of flowers. Arrived at Southampton and met Bro. Willest Harder at the station who conducted me to his house. Spent the afternoon in examining the books of the financial affairs of the Pastorate.

Thursday, July 9, 1857:

Was a day of fasting with us and I assisted Bro. Harder to set twelve lights of glass which had been broken out of his house by a mob a few days previous. In the after­noon went across the water with Bro. Harder to visit a sister who was ill, and also her children, to whom we administered by her request. In the evening we had a meeting of the Saints in the basement room which was crowded, and a good spirit prevailed. I spoke for a few minutes to them and they were also addressed by Pres. Harder and others.

Friday, 10th and Sat. 11th July 1857:

Was engaged in auditing the Conference books.

Met with the saints in the afternoon there being no forenoon meeting; partook of the Sacrament and spoke for a short time. In the evening I preached upon the Priesthood, with a few strangers present who were very attentive.

Spent the time mostly with the Saints till the 15th when I took steamboat in company with Pres. Harder for Portsmouth where we arrived at 1 p.m. attended meeting that evening and spoke to the Saints a portion of the time.

Visited the dockyards at Portsmouth and stayed there that night.

Friday, July 17, 1857:

Proceeded to Chichester and met with some of the Saints that evening at the house of Bro. Cooke.

Rode in a Bus to Medhurst, then walked 8 miles to Bro. Mansfields. Went to bet at 12 midnight and arose at 3:30 in the morning and walked 13 miles to Guildford before breakfast. Met with the Saints there afternoon and evening, had very good meetings through our numbers were few. I preached a part of the time in the afternoon and all the time in the evening.

The Saints made a small party in the grove and we spent the afternoon very pleasantly together.

We returned to Southampton walking about 26 miles of the distance and arrived much fatigued.

July 22nd and 23rd and JulY 24th, 1857:

Spent the time in adjusting accounts as far as possible and in some correspondence, but was partially dis­abled by a sore eye.

Jul 26th and 27th:

Kept in the house in consequence of the bad state of my eye.

Monday, July 27, 1857:

Was a little better but unable to do anything.

We met again with the travelling Elders and had a very good meeting. In the evening had a general Priesthood meeting, when I spoke for a considerable time concerning the abuses of the sacred institution of marriage as practiced in the world at large.

In the afternoon had a large party of Saints upon the Common together with the Elders, and passed the time very agreeably. In the evening had a meeting and passed the time in a variety of exercises, singing, speaking, reciting, etc. The Saints felt very well, and responded to our call in behalf of the Elders in making a contribution of 26 1. 7 1/2 s. to assist them to their fields again.

Was busy in writing most of the day and in the evening had the parting meeting with the Elders.

Saturday, August 1, 1857:

Took train for Dorsetshire about 60 miles and met Bro. Harding the President of Dorset Conference at the Dorset­shire station and walked with him to Bridport 15 miles and put up at Bro. James Henley’s, his headquarters.

Sunday, August 2, 1857:

Fast day — In the morning went with Bro. Harding to the top of a high hill near the town, which overlooks the sea on one side and a large portion of country on the other, where we knelt in prayer, and afterward sat and admired the scenery around us. In the afternoon met the Saints at their room and partook of the sacrament after which I addressed them for a half hour, when we closed our meeting and walked into the central part of the town, and opened a meeting in the open air, just as the churches were letting out; a large crowd collected. Bro. Harding addressed them for a time, then introduced me and I spoke about a half hour. Very good attention was given by the greater part of assembly, but some few, mostly boys, showed a disposition to disturb our meeting. I bore to them a faithful testimony, as did Bro. Harding also. In the evening I preached to a good congregation of Saints and a few strangers in the meeting room, for better than an hour and a half upon the subject of the Priesthood. Very good order and attention.

Being a holiday with some of the Saints Bro. Harding and myself were invited to accompany them to the harbor about 1-1/2 miles for a few hours recreation. We went, and the party (ten in number) to refreshments under a booth, having brought their eatables with them. But, paid lOs for water, dishes, booth, etc. Hired a boat and took a row upon the sea, after which we all went down the beach, the brethren passing round a point out of sight indulged in a bath, while the sisters also with shoes and stockings off had some sport among themselves. Returned and in the evening held a council meeting, and gave some general instructions to the Priesthood and strove to reconcile some brethren who seemed a little at variance and believe succeeded so far that the wound will heal.

Was employed in settling or auditing the books of E. Deposits, the most part of the day. Towards evening went with Bro. Harding to the sea and had a bath after which attended a special meeting of the council and gave some instructions and exhorted the brethren to observe the word of wisdom by which they would receive great blessings. We never pass thru the town! small as it is, without being hailed and mocked by scores of urchins and some grow people, and we fully realize the fulfillment of the words of the angel to Joseph. “Your name shall be had for good or evil among all nations.”

By invitation joined, a small party of Saints who went to the harbour and spent a few hours partaking of some refreshments in the open air upon the grass. Returned and held a meeting in the evening when Pres. Harding and myself addressed the Saints upon their duties Tithing etc.

Was busy in reading and writing nearly all day, then went to the harbour and had a bath with Bro. Barding.

Friday, August 7, 1857:

Spent the morning 1n writing and in the afternoon went to the harbour and had a bath. In the evening met several of the Saints at Bro. Holt’s and spent the evening and social conversation.

Saturday, August 8, 1857:

Went with Pres. Harding to Broad Winsor 9 miles by way of Beaminister, where we stayed overnight with Bro. Holt.

Walked 5 miles to Winsham, held a meeting of the Saints from several of the towns round in the forenoon. In the afternoon administered the Sacrament and I addressed them on the law of tithing. Directly after the close we took our stand in the open air, and Bro. Harding addressed a good congregation for a few moments, when the devil stirred up some rude fellows, who with an apostate by the name of Warren managed to create such an uproar that we were obliged to dis­miss but not till each of us had borne a faithful testimony, and gave notice that we would proceed to our meeting room where we should be happy to see such as had a desire to hear and could behave themselves. When we met at the room we had it crowded with the Saints and Strangers, there were scores outside who listened with attention. Bro. Wm. Harding spoke for about half an hour, when I followed him for an hour and had the best of attention. The spirit rested upon me and I spoke with great ease and freedom. After meeting walked 13 miles to Bridport where we arrived at 1 o’clock in the morning.

Walked to Weymouth 20 miles, where by letter appoint­ment I met Bro. Tullidge, who was spending a few days with his brother and sister and was waiting to accompany me to Southamton, on his return to Liverpool. Arrived there in the evening much fatigued, and spent the evening with the Tullidges and sister Lucas.

Went with Bros. Harding and E.W. Tullidge to Portland in a steamer and had a view of the stupendous piece called the Breakwater a wall thrown out a mile and a half into the Channel to break the heavy sea from the harbour.

Wednesday, August 12,_1852:

Took the train for Southampton in company with E.T Tullidge, and found Pres. Harder and Brigham H. Young in waiting for us at the station.

Bro. Young produced his appointment to labour in the Southampton & Dorsetshire Pastorate under my direction.

I appointed him to labour in Portsmouth and vicinity and have the oversight and direction of the Portsmouth and Gossport Branches under the Presidency of Willet Harder.

Went in the afternoon to the co~mon in company with a few of the Saints for a little recreation, and in the evening joined in a social party, where we had singing, prayer, recitations, etc. and were addressed for a short time by Elder Tulledge.

Bro. Tullidge left for London, and I employed mostly in writing to correspondents.

Saturday, August 15, 1852:

Wrote several letters and devoted the balance of the day reading and visiting the Saints.

Sunday, August 16, 1857

Bro. Harrison and wife from London arrived on a short visit, by way of relief from the office and preached a part of the time in the afternoon and I occupied the balance of the time. In the evening I preached on the subject of prophets and prophecy in the last days as taught by the New Testament; to a goodly number of Saints and a few strangers WID listened with strict attention.

Monday, August 17, 1857:

Visited a number of the Saints, and gave them council and encouragement. In the evening met with the Priesthood in council, and spoke upon the principle of tithing.

Went with Bro. and sister Harrison to the Isle of Wight and returned in the evening having enjoyed a pleasant trip.

I was engaged in reading and writing and visiting the Saints.

Thursday, August 20, 1857:

Went and officiated at the funeral of a child of Bro. Judd at Bittern, the Parson of the Parish having refused to bury it. Was accompanied by Elders Harder and Harrison. Attended a good meeting of Saints in the evening, when Bro. Harrison spoke upon the order of the Priesthood.

Friday, August 21, 1857:

Commenced some letters for the Valleys and in the afternoon visited Nutly Abbey in company with Elder Harrison and wife and Sister Ingram. In the evening met with a few Saints at the house of Bro. Shepherd.

Saturday, August 22, 1857:

Took train for Portsmouth where I met Bro. B.H. Young at the station, spent the day with him among the Saints.

Sunday, August 23, 1857:

Visited Bro. James Beeston (a marine) in the Hasler Hospital who seemed much overjoyed to see me; in the afternoon attended meeting and spoke to the Saints upon their duties in general. In the evening I preached upon the nature and per­petually of the Priesthood, to a room well filled; many of whom were strangers, a majority of whom evidently carne for the pur­pose of a disturbance. I arose and commenced my remarks when some young men began to interrupt by loud talking, when I directed a few words to them and informed them that we had not come there to be disturbed, but that we were duly licensed by the authority of her Majesty to worship in that place, and if any. had come in for the purpose of listening we were glad to see them and wished them to remain; but if any had come with the intent to disturb us they had better leave, for we did not wish them any harm, but should most assuredly take measures to have the laws enforced upon them if they persisted in disturbing us. This had the effect of quieting them though no one left. The spirit of the Lord was upon me and I spoke for an hour and a half, though the room was excessively hot and uncomfortable, the people for the most part paid excellent attention and continued to the last. Many people collected outside in the street directly in front and directly after the close of the meeting, they indulged in all manner of low indecent and insulting language as the Saints came out. In passing up the St. I overheard two personages commonly called gentlemen in this country (i.e. that is dressed in fine cloth) conversing, one of them speaking of the Mormons remarked that we were a disgrace to the town and that it was high time that we were driven out. They were not however of the number that attended the meeting.

Monday, August 24, l857:

Visited some of the saints in ‘company with B.H. Young and found them enjoying a good spirit. Wrote part of a letter to Heber C. Kimball.

Visited some of the Saints at Gossport with B.H. Young and finished my letter to Bro. Kimball. In the evening attended Council and gave the brethren some general instruc­tions.

Wednesday August 25, 1857:

Was engaged in writing in the forenoon and in the afternoon received a visit from some of the Saints. In the evening attended the regular meeting of the Saints and after calling on Pres. Wilkey who made a few remarks I arose to address the meeting which was composed of the Saints and a few strangers who seemed much inclined to listen, but soon a large crowd of 15 or 20 persons came in and soon commenced to interrupt me. I cautioned them to beware as our room was duly licensed by the authorities of the government, and although I was averse in my feelings to any trouble or litiga­tion, yet I should be compelled to appeal to the law if they persist in disturbing us. Bro. B. H. Young sent for the police who were soon on the ground, but the leaders of the rabble were loud in their demands for a miracle. I replied to them “I have heard of certain persons before now who were very anxious to have a miracle performed to please them, among the number was the devil who was the first to demand a miracle of Christ; when he had placed him upon the pinnacle of the temple, he said “If thou beest the son of God Cast thy self down”. Possibly if our savior had complied the Devil would have been converted; what think you?” Towards the last of my discourse they became quiet and I spoke by the power of the spirit for about 15 minutes bore a faithful testimony and closed, they all left quietly and we retired to our homes. The Saints went home rejoicing and begged that I would remain till Sunday, but other appointments must prevent me.

Took train in the afternoon for Chichester bidding a short adieu to Bro. B.H. Younq. Called on the President of the Branch Bro. Wm. King and stayed overnight with Cooke of Portfield.

spent the day in visiting the Saints and counseling them and in the afternoon met with Bro. Osler who presides over this district and labors in the neighboring towns, but with very little success.

Saturday, August 29, 1857:

Visited some of the Saints and wrote some letters”

Sunday, August 30, 1857:

Attended meeting with the Saints and partook of the Sacrament. In the evening preached to the Saints only, there being no strangers present. Afterward met the brethren in council and gave them some general instructions.

Monday, August 31, 1857:

Took train for Brighton on my way to London Confer­ence which I had permission from Bro. Pratt to attend. Arrived in Brighton at 7:30 A.M. where I was met by some of the brethren was taken to St. John’s Common where they were having a gypsy party, we spent the day in recreation and sports; such as cricketing, swinging, foot-racing and jumping. In the foot-race I challenged and beat the crowd. Returned to Bro. Millers hone at 7:30 p.m. and spent the time till nine o’clock in singing, recitations etc. when we took train for Brighton.

Spent the day with Bro. Harriman and dined at Bro.Vincent’s. Also called on some of the Saints.

Wednesday, September 2, 1857:

Wrote a few letters and visited a few of the Saints. In the evening attended meeting and preached on “The Love of God”. We had an excellent meeting Bros. Harriman and Moss were present and spoke also.

Thursday, September 3, 1857:

Went with Bro. Harriman to Southwick and visited Bro. Stanford returning in the evening.

Friday, September 4, 1857:

Took train for London and met Bro. Thos. Bullock at the station and conducted to his lodgings and in the afternoon with him visited Regents Park and Primrose Hill.

Saturday, September 5, 1857:

With Bro. Bullock visited Jewin Street Station office. And afterward went to the Zoological Gardens, where I was highly gratified with a view of the greatest collection of animals that I have ever witnessed. When we returned we found Phillip Margetts in waiting for us, also Bros. Harriman and Page.

Met in conference with the Saints in Adelaide Hall where we were favored with the presence of O. Pratt and E.T. Benson. In the forenoon we listened to the reports of the several Presidents of conferencesafter which I was called upon to speakwhich I did in my feeble way. Seeing a number of reporters present I made a complaint against their lack of honesty in publishing one side of a story and absolutely refusing to say anything upon the other. I was followed by Bro. O. Pratt upon the truth and authenticity of the Book of Mormon. The afternoon was occupied principally by E.T. Benson.

Monday, September 7, 1857:

Met the traveling Elders and Presidents at Limehouse in the forenoon and received some general instructions from Bros. Pratt, Benson & Ross, after which in company with several others I visited the Thames Tunnel, where we borrowed a Canopian of a player-for-pennies & paid him the pennies, while Bro. Phil Margetts responded to our call for Yankee Doodle and the Star Spangled Banner, which made the tunnel ring. In tile evening attended a festival at Temperance Hull, Westminister. The evening was spent with a variety of exercises, singing, speeches, recitations and was concluded by some remarks on marriage by Pres. Pratt.

Tuesday, September 8, 1857:

Visited the Crystal Palace in company with Bros. Margetts, Bullock and Harrimanwhere we spent the day. In the evening we attended the Haymarket to see the piece “Much to do about Nothing”.

Wednesday, September 9, 1857:

Went to Woolwich with P. Margetts, T. Bullock and J. Stanford. Took a steam-boat down the river, passing the “Great Eastern” steam-ship which was near being finished, it appeared a monster indeed. Returned by rail in time for the Priesthood meeting at White Chapel. Bro. Pratt gave a very interesting discourse on the words of our Savor “Blessed are the Meek, for they shall inherit the earth”. He was followed by Bro. Benson for a short time. The room was crowdedcon­tained about 800 persons.

Took train in company with B.H. Young for Guildford, where we dined after which I walked to Farnham 10 miles in company with Bro. Phillips, leaving Bro. Young to return to Portsmouth by way of Chichester with Pres. Harder. We held a meeting with a few of the Saints at the house of Bro. Richard Ashdown, where I stayed all night.

Friday, September 11, 1857:

Took train to Alton, then walked to Upper Wield to the house of George Goodall, who was formally a member of the church and whose mother residing with him now is a member. He expressed a desire to have a meeting at his home and some 8 or 10 of the neighbors were gathered together and I preached to them. They were highly pleased and all lingered a long time after the meeting was dismissed conversing with me and each other.

Spent the night there, next morning visited some who had been Saints and are now not at the meeting after which I walked to Winchester 14 miles. I was accompanied by Bro. George an Elder traveling in this district.

Sunday, September 13, 1857:

In the forenoon walked to pitt and visited Bro. John Hunt, the President of the Winchester Branch, dined with him. In the afternoon returned to Winchester with him and met with the Saints. Partook of the sacrament, after which the Saints bore testimony and I spoke to them for about an hour. Met again in the evening and I preached on the Priesthood, there were two strangers present, and two who had formally belonged to the church viz Henrietta and Jane Burgon, and I had the pleasure of baptizing them in the evening, also of rebaptizing Sister Louisa Hicks, also confirmed thorn with the assistance of Elder Vine.

Monday, September 14, 1857:

Took train to Southampton where I arrived about 11 a.m. That evening attended council meeting, gave instructions and by the blessing of God set a Bro. Sinney right, who had been on the back-ground for some time.

Tuesday, September 15, 1857:

Spent the day in writing answers to many letters which had accumulated on my hands, and in the evening attended a meeting of the tract-society, and preached to them for a while though they seemed to be getting on well so far as their own efforts are concerned, but without much success among the people.

Wednesday, September 16, 1857:

Was busy in writing all day and also in the evening

Thursday, September 17, 1857:

Wrote to Pres. O. Pratt and sent a draft for twenty­nine pounds and nine shillings. (E. deposits Tithing etc.)In the evening attended the regular meeting of the Saints and enjoyed a very good meeting, I spoke for awhile but most of the time was occupied by the Saints.

Friday, September 18, 1857:

Visited several of the Saints at their houses, and wrote several letters.

Saturday, September 19, 1857:

Pres. Harding of Dorset informed me of the death of Bro. Paul in whom I felt an interest from having listened to some fine singing by him and his sister. He was about 18 years old and she 16. I felt heartily to sympathize with Sister Paul in the loss she had sustained and wrote some lines dedicated to her on the subject and enclosed them in a letter to Bro. Harding for her. I also sent a copy to the “Millennial Star” .

Sunday, September 20, 1857:

Met with the Saints in the afternoon and spoke on the subject of the causes of persecutions, and partook of the Sacrament. In the evening preached on the subject “The Gospel verses Riches”. There was about a dozen strangers in, they paid very strict attention and I spoke with great ease fur an hour and a quarter, without any disturbance except what was occas­ioned by a sister who towards the close of my discourse be-came possessed of an evil spirit, but I directed the brethren and sisters to remove her from the room, which they did, and such was her rage that it required two strong men and a woman to hold her to prevent her doing herself injury. After the meeting was closed and the strangers had left I directed her brought in, and the Priesthood laid hands on her and in the name of Jesus we rebuked the spirit, and commanded it to leave her and enter no more, and so it was. I felt to praise God with all my heart and soul for such a manifestation of his power; that we could say like the returning Seventies of old “Even the unclean spirits obey us”.

Monday, September 21, 1857:

Was engaged in writing and visiting the Saints; and in the evening attended council meeting, as also did Pres. W. Harder~ who was so ill yesterday as to be unable to attend the meeting. Gave some general instructions to the Priesthood.

Tuesday, September 22, 1857:

Visited some of the Saints and wrote some letters.

In the evening attended the meeting of the tract Society, and after their business addressed them on the importance of their calling.

Wednesday, September 23, 1857:

Met Bro. Joseph Silver and wife at the station and accompanied them to his mothers home, where we dined with them. The old lady was nursing a child, a few months old; a fine boy, the mother of which was dead, but was a gentile as was the father also, who employed Sister Silver to nurse the child. The child was very ill and under the care of a doctor. We strongly suspected that the father and Dr. were anxious for the child to die, and were giving medicine of no very commend­able quality. I was asked if I had any objection to administer­ing to the child in the ordinance of the Gospel to which I replied that I had none if she would keep the acursed medicine away from it. The child was in a very weak state and utterly unable to keep the slightest thing on its stomach, though re­peatedly tried; it would vomit up whatever was given almost instantly. Bro. Silver and myself then administered to it a spoonful of consecrated oil, which it swallowed greedily and never evinced even the disposition to throw it up, we then laid our hands upon it and we prayed for its recovery, and the child soon fell asleep for several hours, after which they gave it food which it relished and kept down. In the space of 12 hours it appeared quite another child, fast recovering its strength.

Thursday, September 24, 1857:

spent the day with Brother Silver and his wife, who dined with us at 27 Lyons Street. In the evening attended our usual meeting, when Bro. Silver addressed us. After the meeting Sister Wild, who had long been suffering in decline, and often received the ordinance without apparent effect, again asked the administering of the Elders. We first prayed with her, then proceeded to anoint and lay hands on her. Feeling that after so many prayers in her behalf without effect, that we were only opposing the will of God; we prayed that if it were consistent with his will that she might be restored to health, but if otherwise that she might depart in peace, and her last moments be like the parting of the day in a quiet summer evening. I felt and remarked to some of the brethren that there would be a speedy change one way or the other. In less than an hour and very soon after the brethren had left, I was called to see her breath her last, but having stepped out of the room for a moment I failed in doing so. She died a person dropping into a quiet sleep, with a pleasant smile upon her face. Verily did I feel that the Lord had re­spected our prayers and now I saw her lifeless form, who less than an hour ago took my hand and in a strong and unfaltering voice bade me good-night, surrounded by her children whose bosoms were heaving with grief and sobs of anguish.

Friday, September 25, 1857:

Agreeable to previous appointment I started for Dorset, stopping at Brockhurst where I met with Elder Geo. Burgon and endeavoured to get a meeting of the small branch there, but only got a few and they were divided in feeling and though I gave them some good instructions I have little faith in their present improvement. I hired a bed at a public house.

Saturday, September 26, 1857:

Took train for Dorset, where I arrived about 5 o’clock and met Pres. Harding with whom I spent only a few moments as he was about to leave to fulfill an appointment at Lime on the following day, to return in the evening.

Sunday, September 27, 1857:

Met with the Saints in the afternoon and spoke a portion of the time, then we heard the feelings of the Saints. In the evening I preached to a good number of the Saints and strangers who paid excellent attention, I spoke on the subject of Gospel and Riches. Bro. Harding arrived from Lime at about 11 o’clock in the evening.

Monday, September 28, 1857:

Wrote in the morning to some correspondents, among whom was John Kay, from whom I had just received a letter in­forming me that our Elders in Canada were called home, and that 2500 troops were actually on their way to Utah. In the afternoon visited the harbour and called on some of the Saints. In the evening attended council meeting and after the usual business I spoke to them about a half hour on the duties of the Saints in reference to tithing and offering.

Tuesday, September 29, 1857:

Wrote a number of letters and brought my journal up to date, it was somewhat behind, after which we visited some of the Saints and took a walk to the harbor. In the evening wrote a letter to James Furgerson in the valley and also one to my family.

Wednesday, September 30, 1857:

Left in company with Pres. Harding to visit the several branches. Called at Beaminster and administered to Bro. Benj. Elliott who was confined to a bed of sickness. Proceeded to Broadwinsor and held a meeting in the evening with a few Saints and enjoyed a good time with them. I preach­ed about an hour and a quarter upon Tithing, offerings and the duty of the Saints to live watchful and prayerful that they may have strength to overcome the powers of the Prince of darkness.

We separated in peace and I lodged with Bro. Holt’s family with Bro. Harding When I commenced preaching this even­ing I was suffering a severe headache, but it all left me as soon as I commenced to speak.

Thursday, October 1, 1857:

Walked to Crewkerne where we held a meeting in the evening after visiting some of the Saints at their homes. There being some strangers present I spoke much of the time on the first principles of the Gospel, and finished with a testimony to the truth, and a general exhortation to the Saints to live their religion. Slept at a public house, none of the Saints being able to accommodate us.

Friday, October 2, 1857:

Walked to Chard and dined with Bro. Haybald, he works in the lace factory which is the leading business in this place. I visited the mill in company with Bro. H. by consent of the foreman, and witnessed the operation of the massive machinary employed in the manufacturing of so light an article as lace, which to me was a curiosity. The Machinary was pro­pelled by a powerful steam-engine and a multitude of men, women and children were there employed. In the evening held a meeting at Bro. Haybald’s house where some of the Saints gathered being nearly all in the place, and I preached to them in strong terms, the necessity of living up to their duties as and to the law of tithing, in which all of them were remiss. Met here Bro. Harding an Elder traveling in this district, and finding him rather shabbly dressed I called upon the Saints who had been negligent in tithing to contribute for him a coat. Raised thirteen shil­lings besides what Bro. Harding and myself gave.

Saturday, October 3, 1857:

Went to Winsham with Elder E. and Wm. Harding and called on Bro. Andrew Case where we went the afternoon, and in the evening a Miss Mary Ann came in to fulfill a previous engagement to be baptized by Elder Case, but just as she was upstairs preparing for the water we heard a stir outside, and on looking out found the house was surrounded by a mob of young men and boys, headed by the mother of the young woman, who was railing and storming at a furious rate; calling the Mormons or Latter Days as she termed them every imaginary evil name she with the aid of the devil could devise. We sought to get out unobserved by them but found they had spies set at every hand and were determined to watch all night if the girl still remained there. She accordingly left and the mob after much hooting and screaming left also and we retired for the night.

Sunday October 4, 1857:

Very rainy in the morning but several saints came 4 or 5 miles to attend council meeting. In the afternoon we met and administered the sacrament, a few strangers were pre­sent, after a time a mob collected outside, and commenced hooting, finally throwing stones against the door. I went out and in a calm and friendly manner requested them to desist; but when I went in they continued, whereupon I sent one of the brethren for a policeman; he soon came and dispersed them. I then addressed the people for about a half an hour and closed the meeting. In the evening the room was crowded and a goodly number of strangers were present, all paid first rate attention while I spoke for an hour and a half upon the adaptation of the Gospel to the poor, and how hardly a rich man should enter the kingdom of heaven. There had been some little noise outside while I was speaking, though nothing serious, and I had supposed there were only a few boys there, but was sur­prised on going out to find that about a hundred people of various grades were collected and very soon stones commenced to fly, though none of the saints were injured but all immed­iately made their way home. After I arrived at my lodgings in company with Wm. Harding, one of the brethren called with a young lady (who had been to the meeting) who wished the ordinance of baptism. I made the arrangements with her to meet Bro. Harding on Wednesday when he would baptize her, and also the one who failed of her object on Saturday night.

Monday, October 5, 1857:

Went to Chard stock and visited Bro. Lewis Paul and family, whose son was killed a few weeks since by the falling of sand upon him while in a pit; or should say rather I visit­ed his family, for he went to town and got in company with some drinking men (he being somewhat given to love of drink him­self remained there all day notwithstanding he was aware of our intended visit, which I considered very unbecoming and unsaintlike, and instead of remaining over night as we had intended, concluded to leave without seeing him at all, that he might fully understand that we were displeased with him, which would be as severe a reproof as we could administer. We accordingly left about sundown for stockland five miles, and were kindly received entertained by Bro. and Sister Thos. Fry the only saints in that place, but in a thriving business; though the whole town is opposed to them, they are not ashamed of their calling and are ‘given to hospitality’ to all Elders who call. After they had closed their shop we had a long conversation upon the things of the Kingdom, and the dealings of God with the nations, and after prayers retired at about 11 o’clock.

Tuesday, October 6, 1857:

October the sixth, as I pen that date my mind re­verts to other scenes than those by which I am surrounded. Before fond imagination passes the scenery of my mountain home, and I fancy I can see the temple square thronged with living masses of men, women and children gathered and still gathering to hear the words of council and instruction which may fall from the servants or the living God to the assembled multitudes it the general conference. Their faces are radient with joy, and that “peace which passeth understanding” is plainly reflected in each happy countenance. After the close of service I see groups assembled here and there, where fond hearts improve the time in interchange of friendly greetings, after a separation by distance of several months. And among the groups I fancy I see my own dear family exchanging salut­ations with our mutual friends, and ever and anon I hear the anxious interrogatories “When do you expect your husband home?” “When did you hear from his last?” How do you get along in his absence? etc. etc. While here I am surrounded by the powers of darkness and hell, and betimes hear such salutations as just greeted my ears from Bro. Fry’s father and inveterate enemy of the work of God, who in passing through the room speaks in a surly to Bro. Harding “Syou have brought another skulk with you”. referring to me, who .he had never seen before. In the evening we had a long conversation with Bro. and Sister Fry and a man who spent the evening with us.

Wednesday, October 7, 1857:

Left for Chard Stake about 2 p.m.? (five miles) were overtaken in a violent rain storm and both Bro. Harding and myself got a thorough drenching, though we were not cast down in spirits but sang all the time. Arriving at Bro. Paul’s we found several saints from Chard and winsham, and we held a little meeting together and the spirit was with us.

Thursday, October 8, 1857:

Left for Bridport by way of Beamister eighteen miles, dined at Bro. Holts at Broadwinsor, called at Bro. Elliotts at Beaminster and administered to him, he being con­fined to his bed. Arrived at Bridport at 6:30 p.m. My mind was dwelt upon the dealings of the Lord with his people anciantly, and the present position that the Saints occupy relative to the rest of the world nearly all day and I felt a strong desire to be in the mountains with my brethren. (Dreamed of Alice being sick).

Friday October 9,1857:

Wrote several letters and assisted Bro. Harding with his quarterly report for Liverpool, and forwarded that and the Southampton reports.

Saturday, October la, 1857:

Spent the day in visiting the Saints. Bro. Harding went to Lime to preach tomorrow.

Sunday, October 11, 1857:

Received a letter from Bro. Pratt informing me of the arrival of S.W. Richards and George G. Snyder from Utah, and that I should be released to go home in the spring, and requesting me to suggest Elders to fill the offices of Pastor and Presidents in this Pastorate, and I recommended the fol­lowing for Pastor Willet Harder, Pres. of Southampton E. Harding Pres. of Dorsetshire Wm. Harding I also recommended Elder E. Phillips to his favorable consideration as a Pres. of some conference if there should be any opening. Afternoon met with the Saints and partook of the sacrament, heard their testimonies, after which I spoke for about an hour on the words of the *they shall be drunken, but not with strong * prophet drink”. In the evening the room was well filled and about half the number was strangers who paid good attention while I spoke for an hour on the subject of Modern Spiritualism”. Bro. Harding arrived from Lime just as the meeting closed.

Monday, October 12, 1857:

Being the commencement of Bridport fair, the Saints were not at their work in the afternoon, and we visited some of and in the evening a little party was assembled at our house in our room, and we spent the evening singing, reciting, etc.

Tuesday, October 13, 1857:

Went to the harbour with Bros. E. and Wm. Harding and in the evening by special invitation we met some of the Saints at Bro. Dan’l Powells where we spent the evening and engaged in songs, hymns and recitations, but a spirit of dis­pondency seemed to hang over me, for my mind was far away from the circle in which I was mingling.

Wednesday, October 14, 1857:

Walked with Pres. E. Harding to Weymouth 20 miles, where we arrived at about 5 p.m. and met Bro. John & Sister Jane Tullidge, spent the evening together, with the addition of the company of Sister Maria Lucas of Portland! who arrived soon after us.

Thursday, October 15, 1857:

Bro. Boone from some 12 miles distant met us by appointment with Bro. Harding previously made by letter. Bro. Boone had been guilty of improper conduct, and undue familiarity with some girl, and desired to renew his covenant, and upon his promise to reform, and do the right thing, he was re-baptised by Bro. H. after which he departed.

Friday, October 16, 1857:

I took train for Brockinhurst, where I had appoint­ed to meet Pres. Harder of Southampton. We had appointed a meeting of the Saints at that place, but none of them came and we concluded to unite the branch with the Southampton Branch, as few and these few divided among themselves. Left in the evening for Southampton, where we arrived at 10:30.

Saturday, October 17, 1857:

Spent most of the day in writing and reading.

Sunday, October 18, 1857:

Met in the afternoon and partook of the sacrament with the Saints and bore my testimony with the rest. In the evening I preached on the subject of Spiritualism to a good congregation, notwithstanding the weather was very unfavor­able, and gave very strict attention.

Monday, October 19, 1857:

Bro. B.H. Young came from Portsmouth by my request to spend the week at Southampton, by way of recruiting his health, which is very poor. I met him at the station and spent the day with him.

Tuesday, October 20, 1857:

I went in company with Sister Bailey to visit a Sister Tippets across the river. Her husband is a great opposer of the truth and we can only visit her curing his absence and to avoid scandal I deem it wiser to always go in company with some other sister. Sister Tippetts is a good woman and one of great faith, and during my last visit I administered to her aged mother whom she had recently brought to reside with her, and she had expressed her belief to her husband that her mother who had not been possessed of her right mind for many years, so as to converse rationally would be clothed upon her right mind if the servants of the Lord could administer to her. The expected result was fully realized and the next day the old lady walked out of doors, and conversed rationally with her daughter, and still continues in the enjoyment of her reason, and has a heart overflowing with gratitude for the manifestation of the power of God in her behalf. She sat and partook of tea at the table with us. I felt to glorify the name of the Lord at witnessing such a marked change.

Wednesday, October 21, 1857:

Spent the day mostly in writing and in the evening met with a goodly number of the Saints in a fireside chat and spent about two hours.

Thursday, October 22, 1857:

Wrote a few letters and in the evening attended our regular meeting with Bro. B.H. Young and we had a good meeting. I spoke for half an hour on the contrast between civilized Christian society and the “disgraceful and abominable society at Salt Lake City”.

Friday, October 23, 1857:

B.B. Young and myself visited Netley Abbey, or its ruins, which was quite a curiosity to us. In the evening were called upon by a number of Saints and gave them some good council.

Saturday, October 24, 1857:

Felt much afflicted with a severe headache which had troubled me for several days more or less. Rec’d a letter from E. Harding informing me that his Bro. Wm. had been shyly married last June concealing the knowledge of the fact until a few days since, in consequence of which I deemed it wisdom to revoke the recommendation which I had made for him to be appointed President of Dorsetshire Conference, and I sent the name of Edward Phillips in its stead.

Sunday, October 25, 1857:

Was troubled with a violent headache and did not go out till evening. In the evening I preached though very ill, but felt better when I had spoken for a while, and con­tinued for near an hour and a half on the subject “Faith and Works”. The hall was nearly filled and a great number of strangers among them; there were also a dozen or more who have formally belonged to the church but have fallen away and been cut off. They however begin to manifest some interest again in the work. When the meeting was closed a man about 40 Or 45 years old who calls his name “Hopkins” (W. S. Parrott) arose and began to storm saying that he had belonged to the church, he had been to Salt Lake but he had escaped the “murderous knife” and the “rifle ball” and he cautioned all his countrymen against me and B.H. Young—that we were murderers and de­served to be hung etc. etc. He however made such a fool of himself that he had not a friend in all of that multitude, but all made game of him and I told him to move along or I would call a policeman to help him. He went and when he got into the street he began his bawling to gather a crowd. When I requested every Saint to move along home as I was going to do, and according we all left him to his glory.

Monday, October 26, 1857:

Spent the day with Brigham IIand wrote some letters. In the afternoon met some of the Saints at Bro. Wm. Shepherds where we enjoyed ourselves for a few hours.

Tuesday, October 27, 1857:

Suffered much from a headache and did not leave for Portsmouth as I had intended.

Wednesday, October 28, 1857:

Went to Portsmouth with B.H. Young and met with the Saints in the evening, we had a very good time.

Thursday, October 29, 1857:

Wrote part of the day and visited some of the saints, dined with Bro. Young at Sister Littlefields.

Friday, October 30, 1857:

Received a letter from Bro. Harder at Southampton enclosing a bill announcing W.S. Parrotts lectures against “Mormonism” from which I extract the following “Charges of treason, of seduction, bigamy, in­cest, adultery, blasphemy, and murder, will be preferred against the Latter Day Saints; also a description of the cruel fate of the thousands of our poor country men who have been kidnapped by these Latter Day Sinners; also the active preparations the “Mormons” with the Indians are now making to attempt the overthrough of the American Constitution and to enable them to proclaim Brigham Young Sr. King of America. W.S. P. has this week had a personal interview with Brigham Young Jr. and President Elder Snow (who have arrived in this town) from Utah, Great Salt Lake City on a kidnapping expedition to ensnare our young females and take them to the Harem of Brigham Young in Utah.

Friday, October 30, 1857:

These emissaries of Satan are now concealed and harboured in

the house of Elder Harder 27 Lyon St. Newton. W.S. Parrott has challenged them to a discussion. The Rev. Dr. Wilson vicar of the Holy Rhood and Cannon of Winchester has kindly consented to take the chair at seven o’clock. Tickets of admission reserved seats etc. Bro. Harder also informed me that the report was in circulation that Brigham Young Jr. and myself had fled. I therefore concluded that instead of continuing my course around the conference, I would return to Southampton on Saturday, in order to be there to council the Saints in case of any breach of the peace by our opponents, which appeared very likely to take place. Spent the afternoon at Gossport.

Saturday, October 31, 1857:

Went to Southampton and first wrote the appended letter to Dr.

Wilson which I sent to him by the hand of Bro. Henry Puzey.

Sunday, November 1, 1857:

Attended council meeting in the morning, it being our monthly fast day. Anticipating some disturbance in the course of the day from Mr. Parrott I have the brethren council to take no measures without my direction, but leave me to manage the whole matter and all would be well. Afternoon we met and held our meeting as usual. Mr. Parrott and one or two of his comrades were present, and after the meeting was closed he rose and complained that our people had not come out to meet the charges he preferred against them (I had counciled the Saints to not go near him) He then commenced to abuse us(B.H. Young & myself) he was not present however, ordered Parrott to leave the room. Be refused so I sent for a policeman, but Bro.Marchbanks(who is a policeman off duty) although he was in plainclothes ——- name to help him take the man to the station, but the Officer in charge refused to lock him up because his language was not used in the high-way. Mr. Parrott then demanded the committal of Marchbanks for assault, which the officer also refused. In the evening the room was filled and I preached on the first principles of the Gospel, and the people were very attentive. Parrott was there and after meeting commenced again to harangue, when I showed him the door and told him to walk, he took the hint and went out into the street, where he commenced bawling out against the Mormons when the police Sergeant Leigh who with three others of the force were guarding our door all evening ordered him to go away, and on his hesitating, gave him a little help and soon sent him on his way.

Monday, November 2, 1857:

Hr. Parrott took out a summons against Bro. !’-1archbanks for an assault. I also applied for one against Parrott for abusive language tending to a breach of the peace; but the Magistrate decided that as it occurred in a public place of worship, that it did not come within their jurisdiction, but that I must cite him to the Court of Sessions.

Tuesday, November 3, 1857:

Attended the Court a Witness for Bro. Marchbanks, who was cleared and all was well.

Wednesday, November 4, 1857

Was engaged in writing and visiting the Saints. Mr. Parrott came about my lodgings and commenced within my hearing to talk to some of the neighboring Saints and called me a murderer, etc. when feeling my blood a little warmed I went out and ordered him to desist and go on about his business. I told him not to call me hard names or perhaps he would get hurt. He did not see fit to repeat any of his abuse, or it is probable there might have been a collision.

Friday, November 6, 1857:

Made a complaint to the magistrates against Mr. Parrott for raising disturbances in the streets, and begged that they take measures to put a stop to it or I should probably knock him down some day, for I had already borne much more than most men, or even themselves would have done. They said they would send for him the next day and give him a reprimand and general in­structions.

Saturday, November 7, 1857:

Went and appeared before the Magistrates and at their request I restated my complaint against Parrott and after suffering some more of his abuse in their presence, they told him that he must cease this thing and not create disturbances in the street, but if he wished to lecture against the “Mormons” he had a right to do so, but he must do it in a quiet manner.

Sunday, November 8, 1857~

Afternoon I preached to a tolerable full house who paid good attention. Mr. Parrott was present but was quiet. Evening I preached on the subject of the Priesthood to a house crowded to overflowing, who for the most part seemed very attent­ive, and the balance were restricted by the presence of the police from any open disturbance.

Monday, November 9, 1857:

Wrote most of the day and in the evening attended council meeting where I gave some general instructions and again counseled the Saints to mind their own business and keep away from all such as Parrott.

Tuesday, November 10, 1857:

Went to Portsmouth – met Brigham H. Young and attended and attended council meeting in the evening.

Wednesday, November 11, 1857:

Proceeded to Chichester on my route to London to meet Sam’l W. Richards, according to his request on Saturday the 14. Had meeting with the Saints in the evening and preached to them and told there were trying times. A good feeling prevailed and we rejoiced together.

Thursday, November 12, 1857:

Took train at daybreak for Brighton where I arrived in time for breakfast, and spent the day. The Saints in this my former field of labor having heard of coming appointed a meeting in the evening and by request of Bro. Lavender (their present President) I preached to them and told them there were trying times at hand, and exhorted them to stand fast in the faith.

Friday, November 13, 1857:

Took train for London and met Bros. John L. Smith and P. Margetts at the station by whom I was conducted to the lodgings of Thos. Bullock, who was so ill as not to be able to the station. I rejoiced particularly in meeting John L. it being our first meeting in some years, and we spent the day together.

Saturday, November 14, 1857:

Sunday, November 16:

Met with the Priesthood of No.2 district (Thos. Bullock President) in the morning and being called upon by Pastor J.D. Ross I spoke for a few moments. In the afternoon met with the Saints at Limehouse and listened to the teachings of Bros. Richards, Smith and Snyder. In the evening by request of Bros. Ross I attended the~ Limehouse meeting again with Bros. Harriman, Snyder and Margetts. The time was occupied by Bros. Harriman Snyder and myself, upon the first principles of the Gospel, and the bearing of faithful testimonies of the truth.

Saturday, November 14, 1857:

Spent the day with Bros. Bullock and Margetts in look­ing about the city, and in the afternoon we tried our hands in a rifle gallery, where we found we had not entirely forgotten the use of a rifle. In the evening met Bros. S. W. Richards and George Snyder, also Bros. Budge, Ross and John L. Smith.

Monday, November 17, 1857:

Met with several Elders from the vallies at Jewin St. 35, and heard such general news and instructions as Bro. Richards had to give to us, and learned the feelings of the people in the mountains with reference to the U.S. troops that were on their to our beloved and peaceful vales, to scatter seeds of vice and corruption amongst us; and from the depth of our hearts we responded Amen to the noble resolution of our brethren in the Lord. A spontaneous thrill of joy animated every face and beating heart and sent the blood dancing merrily through our veins till each was crimsoned with bright hope; and though here and there a sparkling tear bedewed an eyelid, no second sight was needed to convince one that it was but a tear of joyous hope and thankful­ness, for the prospect of Zions redemption from the hands of her cruel persecutors.

In the afternoon went with Bros. Bullock, Smith and Margett: to the Thames Tunnel where we amused ourselves by practicing on lifting, stricking etc. etc.

Bro. John L. weighed 183 Ibs. I 181 Margetts 163 and Bullock 153 I struck for my heaviest blow 440 Ibs. Margetts 410, Smith 350 and Bullocks 290 lbs. In the evening we went to the Saddlers Wells Theater and saw “MacBeth”.

Tuesday, November 17, 1857:

Went with Bros. Snyder, Smith, Bullock and Margetts to Green witch expecting to see the “Leviathan launched, but it was postponed so we visited the observatories the Park and Hospital grounds and then returned to London.

Wednesday, November 18, 1857:

Visited Regents and Hyde Parks in company with Bros. Roberts Williams, Bullock and Margetts.

Thursday, November 19, 1857:

Spent most of the day at Bro. Bullocks’ lodgings where Bros. Smith and Snyder called in the afternoon and in the evening we all attended a meeting of the Somerstown Branch. Bros. Budge, Smith, Margetts and Snyder occupied the time, and all were mutually edified and strengthened.

Friday, November 20, 1857:

Spent the forenoon with Bros. Bullock and Margetts. In the afternoon went with Margetts to the station he left for Reading his field of labour. Spent the evening at Bro. Bullocks room in writing my journal to this date, Bro. Bullock being too ill to attend meet­ing.

Saturday, November 21, 1857:

Was accompanied to the London Bridge Station where I took Train for Guildford, I met Bro. Phillips and found the Saints generally well, and rejoicing in the work of the Lord.

Sunday, November 22, 1857:

Preached a part of the time afternoon and evening, but was very ill from the effects of a violent cold. One woman gave her name as a candidate for baptism.

Monday, November 23, 1857:

Spent the day among the Saints and in the evening attend­ed a council meeting; after which Bro. Phillips attended the rite of baptism of the woman who applied last evening, but being very ill I remained in the house.

Tuesday, November 24, 1857:

Walked with Bro. Phillips to Farnham and stopped at Bro. Ashdowns who with his family composed a part of the Brighton branch while I was there.

Wednesday, November 25, 1857:

Went to Aldershot Military Camp about four miles, but owing to the cold foggy day our visit was not very satisfactory. In the evening had a meeting of the Saints and a few strangers who paid good attention while I spoke for an hour and a quarter on the first principles of the Gospel, and made reply to some of the late slanderous reports concerning the valley which have found their way into the newspapers.

Thursday, November 26, 1857:

Took train with Bro. Phillips for Alton; then walked to Winchester a distance of 18 miles where we arrived about dark, and held a meeting, where a good spirit prevailed.

Friday, November 27, 1857:

Took train to Bishopshore then walked from there to Southampton 5 miles; found the Saints generally well, and in good spirits, though much of opposition was manifested in the town, particularly among the lowest classes owing to the continued efforts of Parrott to stir up a mob against them. I found bills out announcing an out-door Anti-Mormon meeting to be held in the Park, near our meeting room, and calling upon the citizens to “rally”.

Saturday, November 28, 1857:

Spent most of the day in reading and writing.

Sunday, November 29, 1857:

Met with the Saints in the afternoon partook of the Sacrament and preached a short time the remainder being occupied by Bros. Harder and Puzy. There was a goodly number of strangers present, and the meeting closed in peace. In the evening the house was crowded at an early hour a large portion of them were of the roughest class who had been inciter by Mr. P. in his out-door harangue to come there in the evening. The meeting was opened during much confusion, and I called upon all who had come for the purpose of hearing to give their attention, and invited all who did not wish to hear to quietly leave, but none left. I then commenced to preach the rowdies commenced to whistle, stamp etc. I tried several times to speak, but was as often interrupted, when I declared the meeting closed and made the best time home, knowing that the mob were fully intending to give a drubbing, as I had been called after in the street during the day “Look out for your head”, etc. I eluded them and they were grievously disappointed, but stoned some of the Saints though no one was seriously hurt. There was a reported there from each of the papers. Several policeman were in attendance outside but none made any attempt to quell the disturbance inside.

Monday, November 30, 1857:

Visited some of the Saints and attended council meeting in the evening.

Tuesday, December 1, ]857:

Attended a trial before the Mayor and Magistrates, Mr. Falvey V.  Mr. Parrott. Mr. F. charged Parrott with using violent language, calculated to lead to a breach of the peace, by saying that if he was not a Mormon and practiced their principles. After an amusing scene in which Parrott played the part of his own lawyer, the Magistrates decided that P should find sureitiesin the sum of b30 for his future good conduct towards Mr. Falvey and all her Magesty’s subjects. Mr. Parrott declared he would do no such thing, but would go to goal if they required it. They finally lowered the sum h20 but he still refused. They then offered to take him for his own surety but he still refused. They next offered to do away with the bond althougher and to require him to give word that he would keep the peace towards all. This he refused. They then requested him that he would give his word that he would keep the peace towards Mr. Falvey. To which he said he would agree upon conditions viz, that Mr. Falvey should not say anything more about him in the Hampshire Independent of which Mr. Falvey is the editor; upon which Mr. Falvey made some explanation, and concluded by saying that he believed that all Parrott was seeking for was notariety and from this time forward, he would inflict upon the greatest punishment in his power, which would consign him to oblivion; and Parrott finally gave his word that he would not use Mr. Falvey’s name from that time forward, and was released after he had occupied the court for about two hours and at last bullying them out of their decision.

Wednesday, December 2, 1857:

Was engaged in writing in the forenoon. In the after­noon B.H. Young arrived from Portsmouth by invitation from me and I spent the time the balance of the day with him in talking of the affairs at home.

Thursday, December 3, 1857:

Spent the day with Bro. B.H. Young and attended meeting in the evening when we had a peaceable and happy meeting, uninterrupted save by evil spirits who sought to enter one of the sisters, who immediately rushed out of the room followed by sister Harder. They had nearly overcome her, when I followed quietly without disturbing the meeting and laid hands on her and rebuked them in the name of the Lord and they left her, and then she went back into the meeting.

Friday, December 4, 1857:

Parted with Bro. B.H. Young he back to Portsmouth and I took train for Dorsetshire where I arrived in the evening, at Bridgeport but Bros. Harhing was not there but was expected the next day.

Saturday, December 51857:

Wrote some letters and in the evening Bro. Harding arrived and we visited some of the Saints and administered to a child of Bro. Blakes who was sick with Scarlet Fever.

Sunday, December 6, 1857:

Met with the Saints in the afternoon and partook of the sacrament, after which I addressed them for about an hour on their duties to God and to each other, exhorting them to do dilligence and warning them of the trials shortly to come upon them. In the evening the room was filled and many strangers were present, many of whom seemed to come more for a lark than for any desire to hear, but by the blessing of God and the aid of the Holy Spirit I was enabled to enlist their attention, and spoke for an hour on the first principles of the Gospel and left a faithful testimony with them.

Monday, December 7, 1857:

Wrote some letters and in the evening met at Bro. Edw. Holt’s with Bro. Harding and had a long conversation with a lady who was a member of the Baptist church but had gotten her eyes open so far as to see that the principles she had embraced were not scriptural, and she seemed much interested in what I advanced. She related a very strange dream she had a few nights before about her father and mother who had been dead some time. I proposed that Bro. Harding and myself should each write the interpretation of her dream without exchanging a word about it, he upon one table and I upon another, which we did in her presence and then each read our interpretation and they proved to be the same substantially.

Tuesday, December 8, 1857:

Wrote some letters and met the Saints in an open council and spoke to them for an hour and a half on the order of the Priesthood and family government.

Wednesday, December 9, 1857:

Went with Bro. Harding to Broadwinsor where we held a meeting in the evening at the house of Bro. John Weedon, the spirit of the Lord was with us.

Thursday, December 10, 1857:

Went through Winsham where we held a meeting and the Saints felt well.

Friday, December 11, 1857:

Returned to Winsham and held a meeting in the evening, counciled the Saints and endeavored to build them up. Most of them were feeling well.

Saturday, December 12, 1857:

Bro. Harding left for Bridgeport, while Bro. Durgan and myself went to Grewkerne. Bro. Burgan returned to Winsham and I remained.

Sunday, December 13, 1857:

Preached to the Saints afternoon and evening and told them to be of good cheer, for if they were faithful they would all have an opportunity of gathering soon. Visited Sister Slade (whose husband is in Philadelphia) and found her and her children all well.

Monday, December ~4, 1857:

Walked to Yeoville where in the evening I met Sam’l F. Neslen and we put up at the Temperance House.

Tuesday, December 15, 1857:

Walked with him to Sherborne where we met Bros. Andrus and Jeffries and had a meeting with the Saints.

Wednesday, December 16, 1857:

To leave of the Brethren and went to Weymouth again meeting with Bro. Harding. We stopped as usual at Bro. John and Sister Jan Tullidge’s, Sister Jane Tullidge’s, Sister Maria Lucas carne over from Portland and we passed the evening social conversa­tion, and singing all enjoying ourselves very much.

Thursday, December 17, 1857:

Remained there and in the evening had a little meeting, partook of the sacrament, I spoke for about an hour and a half upon the signs of the times and the Lope of Israel.

Friday, December 18, 1857:

Took train for Southampton where I arrived at about noon and passed the afternoon in writing.

Saturday, December 19, 1857:

The Elders arrived to attend the conference which was appointed for the twentieth and I was busy with them through the day, and in the evening we held a meeting a council of the Priesthood, transacted some business and heard the report? of the traveling Elders.

Sunday, December 20, 1857:

Met in the forenoon at 10 A.M. and transacted our business pertaining to the conference after which I spoke to the Saints upon the necessity of living their religion and cultivating a spirit of kindness towards all men, which was the essence of the Gospel of Christ. In the afternoon partook of the sacrament and listened to the Elders who occupied the time. Some of the rowdies headed by one Dr. Thomson undertook to enter the meeting but were forbidden, upon which Thomson made some noise, which drew the police to the spot and they sent him along. In the evening the room was filled with a very respectable audience, as the Brethren at the doors kept the rabble out. Thomson again tried his best to get in but it was all in vain, and he eased his mind by giving vent to threats that he would spend the last halfpenny he had to bring us into difficulty, as we had no right to refuse him admittance to a licensed place of worship. I occupied the whole time on the subject of Christianity compared with the spirit of mobocracy. How men would allow reason to forsake them under a blind infatuated zeal and prejudice. (Very good attention) .

Monday, December 21, 1857:

Held a meeting with the traveling Elders in the morning, when I related Elder Geo. Vine for his calling, being satisfied that he was doing more harm than good. I also called Bro. Benj. F. Cooke to travel and preach in the Southampton Con. under Harder. In the evening the Saints met at Lyons St. in a social party and passed the evening in singing, recitations, speaking etc. The time was very agreeably spent and all went away in good spirits. About 17 lb. was donated by the Saints for Elders emig­ration.

Tuesday, December 22, l857:

Dined with Bro. B.H. Young at Bro. Bailey’s. In the evening was busy in writing letters.

Wednesday, December 23, 1857:

Visited some of the Saints and spent the evening with Bro. and Sister Wilkins; the latter being bedridden with a bad leg, the complaint being called Kings Evil. They rejoice in the Gospel and are anxious to go to Zion. Their son Phillip was lost or supposed to be lost at sea.

Thursday, December 24, 1857:

Visited some of the Saints and in the evening attended the regular meeting of the Saints which was thinly attended owing to the near approach of Christmas, but we had a good meeting the spirit of the Lord was with us.

Friday, December 25, 1857:

Spent Christmas with Bro. Robert Glasspool at Northamton and enjoyed it very much.

Saturday, December 26,1857:

Spent the day among the Saints it being the continuation of Christmas holiday, and in the evening had a small party at my lodgings and passed a very agreeable evening.

Sunday, December 27, 1857:

Afternoon meeting went off very quietly, with many strangers present. In the evening a large crowd assembled before the doors were opened, but there was a good police force present who preserved order. I went in disguise, muffling up my face and wearing a cap instead of my hat, by which means I went in and came out unobserved by the mob who were anxious to get me, and much wonder was expressed afterward by them how that Snow managed to get in and out without being seen. I preached to an attentive congregation and read a letter from Bro. Job Welling dated at Farmington Davis Co. September 2, 1857.

Monday, December 28, 1857:

Spent the day in writing and visiting the Saints. In the evening met with the council and after business gave some general instructions.

Tuesday, December 29, 1857

Met with the tract society in the evening and gave them some instructions and exhorted them to continue in well doing, till the servants of God should say enough.

Wednesday, December 30, 1857:

Wrote a lengthy letter to my brother Albert on the sub­ject of the present position of the Mormons and the U.S. Govern­ment in answer to a letter from him stating that he had nothing to say about Mormonism from the fact that he knew nothing about it.

Thursday, December 31, 1857:

Was writing during the day and in the evening attended the meeting, when we had a good and interesting time.

Friday, January 1, 1858:

Bro. G.D. Keaton my successor arrived and I spent the day with him on matters pertaining to the Pastorate.

Saturday, January 2,1858:

Was engaged with Bro. Keaton on the books and accounts all day.

(Here the writings cease so the Diary must have been packed away for the journey home.)